Kiwi fruit and how to grow kiwi plant at home?

Introduction

Do you know that Kiwifruit contain vitamin C twice then that of oranges? Do you also know that Kiwi fruit exceeds all the fruits per gram in content of vitamins and fibers? IF you don’t know they both are true. So if this fruit have these all benefits let’s know about kiwifruit and have our own plant at home.

Kiwi fruit commonly known as kiwi or Chinese gooseberry are small fruits that are enriched with a lot of flavor as well as health benefits. Kiwifruit originated as well as found widely in China. Kiwifruit is grown in New Zealand and California for commercial purposes. Generally they are found slightly acidic as well as unique in taste and can be consumed raw or by cooking. Kiwifruit are grown in most temperate climates. The whole fruit, including the skin of Kiwifruit is good for human health. They can be grown all over the seasons. Generally, they are grown in California from November to May, and in New Zealand from June to October.

 

Climatic Conditions

Kiwi fruit is generally grown in regions with adequate summer heat. Kiwi fruit will grow and thrive in any climate that can have at least a month of below 7 degree Celsius in winter. A frost-free season is required for kiwifruit to harvest. Kiwi fruit requires frequent irrigation or rainfall to grow well due to which they can be grown in areas with heavy rainfall. Kiwifruit grows well in hot summer areas with maximum temperatures up to 45 degree Celsius.

 

Specialties

  • Kiwifruit is one of the top sources of Lutein.
  • Its size is about the size of a large hen’s egg.
  • This fruit has a fuzzy brown skin which covers attractive green flesh filled with small, black edible seeds.
  • Kiwifruit will continue to ripen after it’s harvested.

Growing Techniques

Hardy kiwi cultivars are generally recommended for cooler zones, however, Hayward Kiwi is the main variety produced around the world.

  • Place around 50 to 60 seeds on a paper towel and fold it so it can fit nicely inside an airtight plastic or zip lock bag in a warm spot and ensure that the seeds don’t move during germination.

 Kiwifruit seeds

 

  • Make sure to keep the towel moist if it seems dry until the seeds sprout.
  • After 9-10 days, you can see roots coming out of those seeds.
  • Within 15-16 days, the roots have grown long enough, so that these seeds can be transplanted into different plastic cups or pots with soil. (Tip: You can actually tear off the paper with at least 3 or 4 seeds and plant in soil.)
  • Kiwi plants prefer little acidic soil. For our home purpose we can start with normal garden soil 50% and compost50% , or peat moss pear light or coco peat also.
  • Soil should be moist and well draining type for best growth of the plant
  • Place another plastic cup on top of it to recreate the green-house effect. Make sure they are placed in fully sunlit areas.

  • Water it regularly, and keep them in a pot for at least 7 months. After that, they can be shipped onto the actual field. (Tip: Make sure you dig a hole twice the size of the actual root base.)
  • Kiwi plants need adequate space for them to grow properly.
  •   Kiwi farming in hills.  They are vine plants, so vertical structures provide excellent sturdiness and maximum yield.

 

  •    Yummy fruits

 

Health Benefits

These kiwi fruits are small in size, however, they pack an incredible amount of nutrients. These nutrients can have a lot of benefits and some of them are as follows:

    1. Improve immune system
    2. It can also help treat people with Asthma.
    3. Kiwi fruits can help aid digestion problems.
    4. Kiwi fruits are much better than apples with regards to managing blood pressure.
    5. It can also help prevent vision loss problems.

Interesting Fun Facts

  1. kiwifruit contain Vitamin C two times more than that of oranges.
  2. Kiwi fruit exceeds all the fruits per gram in content of vitamins and fibers
  3. Kiwifruits are great for Pregnant Women.
  4. Kiwifruits are initially called Chinese gooseberries.
  5. New Zealanders renamed it into “Kiwifruits” due to similarities in appearance with their national bird kiwi.
  6. Kiwi plant can survive more than 50 years.
  7. Over 1 Million tons of kiwifruit are produced every year throughout the world.

 

Please check the following video for growing kiwi plant at home:

 

Suman marahatha

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