Autumn arrives in the early morning, but spring at the close of a winter day. — Elizabeth Bowen. Who don’t want spring “the season bringing greenery and beauty around” and even more if they are the plant lover.

Spring bring the happiness and let’s learn about the species bringing happiness and explore it.



The end of excessive cold, dull and dark winter brings the season of charm, color and blissfulness i.e. spring. No matter where you live either in the snowy Northern part or in the sunny Southern region, spring brings liveliness in your garden where the flowers start blooming and deciduous plants break their dormancy to rejuvenate.

Inclusion of astonishing colorful flowering and ornamental plants in your spring garden energizes your winter-weary soul. Planning for a spring garden should be made earlier for both annual and perennial plants so, plan and practice for better results.



– Favourable temperature

– Optimum moisture level

– Breaking of dormancy in bulbs or corms requiring chilling temperature

– Require less care than grown in summer or fall.

– Require less nutrient than planted in the rainy season (less leaching loss) etc.



To get you started; here are our top 7 recommended spring beauty for you along with their planting techniques and some useful information:  


1. Chrysanthemum

Chrysanthemum is the herbaceous perennial plant, belonging to the genus Chrysanthemum, and the family Asteraceae. First cultivated in China and then gets popular among gardeners due to its attractive flowers with varieties of shape, size and color for your spring garden. 

This flowers of beginners choice are easy to grow and suitable for multiple landscapes including indoor planting too. Some people also believe this species as a mood refresher too.


Climatic requirements:

– Requires longer nights for flowering and development. 5-6 hours of daily sunlight is more than enough.  It grows well in 16-25 degree C. It is frost-hardy to some extent too.


Well-aerated, fertile sandy loam soil having neutral to slightly acidic PH is the ideal condition.

Planting technique 

It can be grown from both terminal cutting and seed but, terminal cutting is preferred.

For more information; Please go through this video:


2. Roses

If you are thinking of preparing a spring garden, then roses are the most you should include in your list. Roses delicate our senses and makes our surrounding lively by their various pleasant color. It is known as the queen of flower due to its beauty.

Variety of color ranging from white, pink, red etc. along with different variety of flower shape and sizes such as climbers or floribundas or miniature roses, or hybrid tea roses make them best choice for spring. But, you must be sure to select the appropriate variety according to the climatic conditions.


Climatic requirements

Rose is a sun-loving plant so make sure to plant in the area having at least 5 hours of bright sunlight. It grows best under 25-32 degree C.

Soil requirements

Grows best in well-drained loamy soil rich in organic manure with soil PH of 6-6.5.


– Watering: Depends on the variety and soil moisture content. However, maintain proper moisture i.e. neither to dry nor too wet. The quality and quantity of flowering are reduced in both waterlogging and drought condition. The optimum requirement during the growing season is 1” of rainfall per week.

– Pruning: For bright, larger and disease-free blooming pruning is essential. The best time of pruning is during spring. Remove overcrowded and diseased branches.

Planting technique

It could be grown from cutting and bare root plantation but cutting is preferred for best result. For more information:

Selection of variety

If pest and diseases are the major issues in your area, then choose Rugosas and hybrid musk, Choose ‘ Ballerina’, and white ‘Moonlight’ if your garden is in a shady place, and Choose ‘Queen Elizabeth’ or ‘Rouge Royale’ or ‘Bewitched’s pearl’ pink flowers if your concern is with showiness and size of the flower.


3. Geranium

If you are thinking for spring garden, Geranium is another great options for you due to its vibrant flower and easy maintenance. Geranium is abundant bloomers that start blooming from spring up to fall. 

Different varieties are available with different shades of color i.e. white, red, purple, pink, orange, & reddish-black, and is best suited in the container or hanging basket or as indoor plants too.


Climatic requirements

For a potted plant, it requires about 5-6 hours of bright sunlight. In sunny areas; growing in partial shade is recommended. 20-23 degree C is preferred for growing this species.


Well-drained porous soil rich in organic matter  is preferred and mix soil with compost if growing in pots as well as maintain pH of 5.5 to 6.0.

Planting tips and technique

It is frost sensitive so plant it after frost. Mostly stem cutting from current season growth of about 10-15 cm are used for propagation. The cutting portion should have 3-4 nodes. But be aware to protect it from pets.

For more information watch this video:

Aftercare and pruning

– Weeding, watering, manuring, burning and destroying diseased plants should be done in proper time. Soil forking from the second year will promote the growth of suckers.

– Drench the soil with Carbendazim 1 g/lit at monthly intervals to control the wilt disease. For root-knot nematode apply Carbofuran at 2 kg a.i./ha in a six-month interval.

– Pruning rejuvenates old and declining branches. So, pruning is done in 3-4 years of interval by cutting back the branches leaving 15-20 cm.


4. Gladiolus

Gladiolus is a perennial flowering plant belonging to the genus Gladiolus and Iris family (Iridaceae). Spring is the most suitable time to plant corms or bulbs for flowering in summer. The inflorescence of this species is known as a spike.

They come in all possible imaginable color including orange, purple, red, pale green, and deep burgundy. The beauty of this species is the major attraction of this species among the plant lovers.


Climatic requirements

This grows well in subtropical to temperate climatic condition and requires 12-14 hours of full sunlight for flowering. The optimum preferred temperature is 27-30°C.


Fertile well-drained sandy loam soil with pH of 6-7 is ideal for its growth and flowering.

Planting technique

– Gladiolus grow from a round, cylindrical bulb-like structure known as a corm. To break the dormancy, store the corms in 3-7°C for about 3 months or treat with Thiourea (500 ppm), or GA3 (100ppm). Overnight soaking of corm gives adequate germination and a better flower stand. 

– Ridges and furrow system is the best-suited method of planting in gardens. Plant in the depth of about 5 cm at a spacing of 25-40 x 25-30 cm.


– When the plant attains a height of about 20 cm, cover by heaping the soil up to a height of 10-15 cm to protect the plant from lodging in wind prone or rain prone areas. This will also suppress weed growth.

– Staking can also be done to support the weak stems by using a 1.5 m strong stake.


5. Daffodil

The yellow bloom of daffodils indicates the end of winter and represents rebirth or a new beginning. It is also known as narcissus due to the intoxicating fragrance of some species and can be toxic to pets. Flowers have a captivating, sweet, and unique fragrance with showy yellow or white which highly fascinate the humans.

For more information on growing and caring for daffodils visit this link:



6. Calendula 

Calendula, often known as marigolds; are annual or perennial herbaceous plants belonging to the family Asteraceae. Its flowers symbolize sunshine and fire. It is also widely preferred due to its easy management and attractive bright yellow or pink flowers.


Climatic and soil requirements

Prefer full sun but can also be grown in partial shade in sunny areas. Well-drained fertile soil with pH of 6-7 is best recommended for its proper growth.

Planting tips and technique

The seeds of calendula can be sown directly in the garden or first in the nursery and then transplanting in garden. Seed sown in a nursery will be ready to transplant in about 3-4 weeks. The seeds shouldn’t be sown in winter as they are frost sensitive. For reducing weed infestation and maintaining soil moisture; mulching should be done using natural mulch such as hay, straw or bark. 


Inadequate moisture results in flower head drooping. So, proper watering should be done. Stagger planting and pinching will promote blooming all year round.


7. Pansy

Pansy belonging to the genus Viola and family Violaceae have different pop of color ranging from white, yellow, purple, pink, blue, and many more. The flower may be a mixture of two colors which make it even more attractive. 

Perfect heart-shape, overlapped brightness, pretty, and colorful petals of pansies exude a delicate aroma even more in the morning hours. They are perennial or biennial plants but planted as an annual plant by many gardeners.


Climatic and soil requirements

– Pansy grows best in cooler climatic condition and require about 6 hours of sunlight. They are also frost hardy to some extent.

– Fertile deep loamy soil having neutral PH is ideal for Pansy. They perform well in a container too.

Planting technique and tips

It can be planted directly by bringing plants from a nursery or seeds. They are sun-loving plants but can grow well in partial shades too. It can grow perfectly even in the small space such as in container. On flowering foliage gradually start fading.


We hope you will try and flourish us with comments on how your plants are doing? We have recommended few astonishing ornamental plants here which are very easy to grow and require no special treatment. So, start your spring by doing something great i.e. planting these spring beauty. Happy learning and keep reading information from Learn-Agro. Thank you!




















Tirsana Khadka

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6 thoughts on “A Guide on How to Plant, Grow and Care Bleeding heart flowers?

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  1. A very interesting article. I thought they were part of pilea peperomioids. These nasturtium grow like weeds where I live in southern part of South Africa. The only problems are snails. They are hardy and face drought conditions well. We don’t get frost. I love them xx

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