TOP 10 FRUITS AND VEGETABLES FOR SPRING GARDEN

Spring is here. The imagination of shinning sun, budding trees and thawing ground absolutely should drives everyone crazy. Are you thinking of turning your bare and gloomy garden into green ones by growing fruits and veggies this spring? Are your green fingers ready to be dirty but wondering what to plant? Then this article is absolutely for you. Let’s learn about some best fruit and veggies to plant this spring…

 

INTRODUCTION

As like literal meaning of “Behind every successful days there are many days full of harsh and adversity” the spring also is here after cold rough winter with harsh temperature. The beautiful spring sprouts gives the feeling of rebirth, rejuvenation, renewal, resurrection, and regrowth. Spring brings life to the world where nature will be at its best. 

Gardeners and plant lovers are fond of spring beauty and spring garden. This article will provide all of you with some ideas of extraordinary alternatives to plant this spring.

 

TOP 10 RECOMMENDED FRUITS AND VEGGIES FOR YOUR SPRING GARDEN

To get you started; here are top 10 recommendation from us to start with this spring:

1.BEANS

Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) are easy to grow and care. Green beans such as snap and string beans are a popular common side dish in many American households. North, South, and Central America are home to these annual green beans. They are ready to harvest after 50-55 days of sowing.

These rich source of vitamins C, dietary fiber, folate, vitamin K and silicon are believed to be best for healthy bone, clean skin and strong healthy hair. Beside these they are also perfect for belly fat losing dietary plan and inflammation due to soluble fiber.

 

Climatic requirements

– Sowing seed after the last frost or snowfall is best yet soil with low temperature and high moisture content enhances rot rather than germination.

– Either of the bean variety can thrive in the temperature between 500 F to 850 F.

Soil

– Light, well-drained soil with good sunshine is best preferred.

– They grow well in slightly acidic to neutral (6-7) pH soil.

Planting

– Beans are directly sown to the field as their roots are fragile and cannot withstand transplanting.

– Furthermore, since they are fast growers, you will not profit from planting them early in a covered structure.

– Bush beans are self-supporting, while pole beans need a support system such as a trellis, string, or stake.

 

2.CUCUMBER

Cucumber (Cucumis sativus), a common summer vegetable, is an annual herbaceous plant in the cucurbitaceous family. It contain nearly 95% water which helps to keep the body hydrated throughout the summer.

This species is rich in nutrients and antioxidants. Thus, they possesses many health benefits such as lowering blood sugar, promoting weight loss, reducing risk of heart, lung and autoimmune disease and reducing inflammation.

 

Climatic requirements

– Cucumber prefers warmer temperatures 700 F- 800 F for its proper growth and development.

– Choose a planting location that gets at least 5 hours of sun per day.

Soil

– They do best in rich well drained sandy loam soil with 6-7pH.

To learn more on how to grow cucumber:

 

3.LETTUCE

Lettuce (Latuca sativa) is an important leafy vegetable as a perfect diet. This annual crop belongs to Asteraceae family and is commonly eaten raw as salads, tacos, sandwiches, and burgers in most countries. 

These rich source of fiber, iron, folate, vitamin A and vitamin C helps to improve eye health, promote sleep, reduce cholesterol level and reduce inflammation. It is one of the preferred spring species due to multiple health benefits.

 

Climatic and soil requirements

– Cool season-loving lettuce can thrive wide range of temperature in between 400F -850F.

– To grow lettuce in spring, plant them in full sun but in summer partial shade is essential.

– Rich well-drained porous soil with pH between 6 to 7 is preferred. 

Planting

– Lettuce can be sown directly to the field and if you make rows, it would be easy.

– Sow them 4 inches apart in ¼ to ½ inch depth.

For more information:

 

4.RASPBERRY

Raspberry ( Rubus ideaus), nutritious and delicious fruit, grows in cooler climatic zone naturally. Raspberries are ideal for the fresh market along with commercial processing like frozen fruit, puree, juice, or dried fruit. You can even plant raspberries in the backyard, container, or even in pots.

Varieties of raspberry

Summer-fruiting raspberries are more popular producing fruit from previous year’s growth. They only produce one crop per season (June or July).

– Ever-bearing raspberries are also known as fall-bearing or autumn-bearing raspberries. They fruit in fall  as well as in summer of the following year.

 

Climatic requirements

– Raspberry prefers cooler climate, cool summer, and mild winter. They thrive best in full sun however, they can also tolerate some shade.

Soil

– Sandy loam soil with proper drainage and pH 6-7 is advisable.

Planting

– Raspberry is propagated from the root suckers.

– Seedlings are raised in the nursery for one year.

– Once the frost disappears at the end of the winter, seedlings can be planted in the field 1 inch deep.

 

5.BLUEBERRY

Blueberries are perennial like raspberry. Due to its multiple nutritional importance, the fruit is popular as anti-oxidant alternatives, rich in fibers and vitamins. This fruit helps to improve digestion, reduce risk of cancer and promote healthy skin.

For more information on how to grow blueberry:

https://learnagro.com/?s=blueberry

and

 

6.Spinach

Spinach (Spinacia oleracea)is a green leafy annual vegetable that thrives in cooler climates. It sprouts quickly and can be harvested as soon as three weeks after planting. Gardeners preferring baby spinach leaves can plant in a small space, harvest them, and then plant in another space later.

Climatic requirements

– Spinach germinates in temperatures of 40 to 75 degree F. It may fail to germinate in warm soils.

– Though spinach is cool-season crop, it can tolerate a temperature of 950 F.

– The vegetable prefers full sun, but if you want to grow them till June, plant them in partial shade.

Soil

– Spinach grows best in rich well-drained soil with a pH range of 6.5 to 7.

Planting

– Spinach can be directly sown in the field.

– Spacing should be made 12 inches apart so that leaves can grow to the fullest.

 

7.Squash

Summer squash grows rapidly (in around 60 days) and is harvested in young. Their skins are thin and delicate, and they produce a lot. The most widely used summer squash is zucchini. 

This rich source of vitamin A, B6 and C, folate, fiber, magnesium, riboflavin, phosphorous and potassium is packed with multiple health benefits and preferred by many dietician and gardeners.

 

Climatic requirements

– Temperatures between 60° and 85°F are ideal for growing and fruiting, with 65° and 75°F being the optimum.

– Squash prefers full sun, make sure your squash gets 6 hours per day.

Soil

– Squash prefers compost rich mildly acidic soil with a pH of 6.0 to 6.8.

Planting

– You can directly sow seed outside when the temperature is about 600F or sow your squash seeds inside or in a heated greenhouse 2 to 4 weeks before the last frost date.

– Plants should be spaced 15 to 20 inches apart in 4 to 6-foot rows in case of bush-type squash.

– And in case of vining squash plants should be spaced 12 to 15 inches apart and rows should be spaced 6 to 12 feet apart.

 

8.Honeydew

The honeydew melon (Cucumis melo), also known as honey melon, is a fruit belonging to the melon family. IT has a light green sweet flesh and a white-yellow skin color. Honeydew is nutritious and can have many benefits in addition to its flavor. It’s delicious on its own or as desserts, salads, sandwiches, and soups.

 

Climatic requirements

– Honeydew melon is a quick germinating (3-5 days) warm-weather fruit that thrives in temperatures ranging from 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit.

Soil

– Rich well-drained soil with pH 6.5-7.5 is preferable.

Planting

– You can start with seeds to grow honeydew in your garden in case of warm spring temperature.

– It’s best to start your honeydew plants indoors if the spring weather is mild. Plant them three weeks before the last frost date in your region.

– Sow 4-6 seeds per hill in a row and 5 feet apart.

– After germination, thin and keep 2-3 plants per hill.

 

9.Kale

Kale is a cold-weather fast-growing annual green leafy vegetable. It belongs to the Brassicaceae family (Cabbage family). This species is nutritionally rich and has several health benefits such as lowering cholesterol, risk of heart disease, reducing inflammation, improving eyesight and many more.

 

Climatic requirements

– Kale grows best in cool temperatures ranging between 17–30°C.

Soil

– Organic matter rich well-drained loam soils a pH range of 5.5–7.0 is preferred best for kale.

Planting

– Soon after the soil is workable in spring, sow seeds in the soil for early summer harvest.

– Sow seeds ¼ to ½ inch deep into well-drained, light soil if you’re planting seeds.

– Thin the seedlings after around 2 weeks, spacing them 8 to 12 inches apart.

– Kale baby leaves can be harvested in 3 weeks and mature in 40-50 days.

 

10.Beet

Beetroot (Beta vulgaris) is a cool-season crop and can bear the temperature near frost so, they are a great choice for gardeners on the northern side. They are popular due to the anti-oxidant properties present in them and also they are used to treat anemia. By fortune, it’s easy to cultivate too.

 

Climatic requirements

– The germinating temperature for beet is 500F and germination takes within 5-8 days but could plant it up to 75 degree F temperature.

– In soil having a lower temperature, it would take long to germinate.

– In full sun, it grow better. They should be exposed to sunlight for at least 6 hours a day.

Soil

– Soils with a pH of 6.3 to 7.0 are ideal, while it can also tolerate slightly alkaline (7.0+) soils but couldn’t tolerate acidic soil.

– Garden beets grow in a wide range of soil however, loamy and sandy loam is considered as best.

Planting

– Beetroots are propagated from seeds.

– Seeds can be placed 1.5 cm deep and 7cm apart from plant to plant.

– You can sow from mid-April to mid-July depending upon different climatic conditions.

 

Anusha Satyal

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