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Growings and caring for plants are a test of patience. You do not get results in days or may be months too as it could take years based on type of plant and available environmental factors. If you are one of the impatient types and need quick yields, these are some of the veggies that you can grow in a span of 1 to 3 months.

 

Introduction

Most of the vegetables we consume in our daily lives are annual/seasonal plants. This means they have to complete their lifecycle in their preferred season. These plants grows flower, fruit, and disperse their seed in a span of a season. While the perennial plants take years to mature, annual one grow quickly, which ensures their species survivability.

Most biennial plants also come under fast-growing vegetables category but for a different reason. Biennial plants complete their life cycle in 2 years. When their season is over, these store food so that they can live for another year. We consume the parts where the food is being stored instead of fruits.

 

Fastest Growing Vegetables

Although there is a limited range of options, here are some of the fast-growing vegetables that you can quickly harvest from your garden.

 

1. Green Onions (20-30 days)

Green onions are very easy to plant, very fast to grow, and very healthy for your diet. It goes with almost any food. You can regrow green onions from the ones that you buy from the store with their roots attached.

You can grow it even on a glass of water (hydroponics system). Although the bulb takes three to four months to grow, you can keep harvesting the leaves every 20-30 days.

 

2. Spinach (45 days)

Spinach is very easy to grow, especially during the spring season. The plant does not grow well on hot summer days and thrives in cold weather. It could be eaten raw as well as by cooking too.

photo-1576045057995-568f588f82fb.jpg green-2565925_960_720.jpg

These green leafy vegetables originated in Persia are heavily loaded with nutrients and antioxidants. Consumption of spinach improves eye health, reduce oxidative stress, help to prevent cancer and reduce blood pressure too. The plant matures quite quickly and you can keep harvesting the leaves while it is growing.

 

3. Lettuce (6-8 weeks)

Lettuce is one of the very easy growing species. It can’t resist cold weather so, it’s better to grow it indoors in such chilling temperature. Lettuce takes about 6 to 8 weeks to harvest the entire head. But you can keep harvesting the leaves while it is maturing. 

It could be consumed raw or in cooked form. This species is a rich source of vitamin A and K along with small amount of Vitamin C & iron. Consumption of lettuce improves bone strength, vision, sleep and also aid in hydration. 

 

For more information, you can watch our video on how to grow lettuce quickly here:

 

4. Arugula (4-7 weeks)

Arugula is another leafy green vegetable in this list that grows in similar climates and conditions to lettuce, kale, and spinach. You don’t need much time and space to grow this plant. It can be completely harvested in about 4 to 7 weeks and the mature leaves can be continuously harvested during that time.

green-4175264_960_720.jpg arugula-2491299_960_720.jpg

This species is rich in fiber, anti-oxidants, chlorophyll, vitamin k, isothiocyanates and phytochemicals. These properties helps to reduce risk of developing breast, prostate and lung cancer, improve hydration and bone health, reduce inflammation of the body, promote weight loss and cleanses as well as detoxifies the body.

 

5. Lady’s Finger/ Okra (55-65 days)

Okra is a summer plant that can mature in 55 to 65 days and can keep producing for about 10 to 12 weeks. This finger-shaped vegetable is the foremost which needs some space to grow. The plant can grow from three to six feet tall and nine to fifteen inches in width.

Ladies-finger.jpg

Okra is the rich source of magnesium, folate, fiber, antioxidants, vitamin C, K and A.  Thus, this species is packed with many health benefits such as promoting heart health, reducing risk of cancer, controlling blood sugar, lowering cholesterol level and reducing stress.

 

6. Tomatoes (50-60 days)

Tomatoes are another annual plant that grows pretty quickly. They are very easy to grow and provide various nutrients Potassium, Vitamin C, Lycopene, Beta carotene in our diet. Tomatoes are easy to any dish. It takes around 2 months to harvest tomatoes. 

pexels-pixabay-533280.jpg

Cherry tomatoes are the go-to if you are looking for a fast-growing veggie and dressing for your dishes. Tomatoes are best preferred to reduce heart disease and cancer, and promote skin health.

 

If you want to grow this red juicy vegetable in your home, you can watch the following video:

 

7. Beetroot (7-8 weeks)

Beetroot is a root vegetable that is known for its dark red/crimson color. This plant is packed with nutrients like Iron, Manganese, Potassium, Folate, and Fiber. At about 7 to 8 weeks, the root turns red and grows to the size of a golf ball, that is when you know the plant is ready for harvest.

pexels-photo-4540700.jpeg

Beetroot provides many health benefits such as improving blood flow, lowering blood pressure, increasing exercised performance, preventing cancer, reducing inflammation and heart diseases. 

 

8. Radish (2-3 weeks)

Radish is also a root vegetable that grows in a span of two to three weeks. The leaves of radish are edible and can be harvested during the development of roots. Radish is very healthy and provides nutrients like Vitamin C, Potassium, Calcium, Phosphorus, and other Vitamins.

photo-1585369496178-144fd937f249.jpg pexels-gustavo-fring-4894601.jpg

 

We have covered how to grow cherry radishes at home in the video below. Cherry radish is an excellent choice of radish if you need quick harvests.

 

9. Peas (10-13 weeks)

Peas will flower at around 10 to 13 weeks and fruit in a few weeks. Peas are excellent winter plants but are susceptible to frost. You can plant Snow Peas if you are very impatient as you don’t have to wait for the pod to fill.

photo-1571070703151-4f99fa9cd3b1.jpg

Peas is the excellent healthy food source as it helps to strengthen your immune system, reduce inflammation and lower risk of chronic conditions including diabetes, heart diseases and arthritis.

 

10. Microgreens (10-12 days)

Microgreens are not actually a vegetable but just growing sprouts of various vegetables. Microgreens are very nutritious and can be grown pretty quickly. It can be cultivated in 10-12 days. 

They contain various kinds of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Sunflower, pea, radish, broccoli, and cress are some of the plants whose microgreens are recommended.

 

Learn how to grow microgreens at home from this video:

 

 

Now you can get started on your gardening and get quick results. Hope this article was helpful. Also, remember to share your results in the comments section. We really want to know your results.

 

References:

“https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=az_yNVEM7CY” “https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microgreen” “https://unsplash.com/photos/vyHo3nnk8G8” “https://pixabay.com/photos/green-plan-food-vegan-spinach-2565925” “https://unsplash.com/photos/p1yTPLjC8ys” “https://pixabay.com/photos/green-plan-food-vegan-spinach-2565925/” “https://www.southernstates.com/farm-store/articles/how-to-grow-okra”

 

 

Indoor plants are gaining popularity day after day. They make your room beautiful, colorful and fresh. If you are into indoor planting you might have heard “Calatheas” or if you’re someone who already knows and owns a calathea, you still might be interested to know how to care for this beautiful species.

Let’s learn about how to care and grow Calatheas plant and bring it into practice to achieve perfect result.

 

What are Calatheas?

The Calatheas is a large group of plants native to tropical and subtropical regions of American continents. This stunning species from marantaceae family are characterized by their large broad leaves, decoration on the upper lamina with prints and colorful inflorescences. They grows on the bed of the forest where there are low sunlight and high humidity.

Calatheas Plant Care and Grow

Nowadays they are popular as indoor plants in homes and offices because of their exotic patterns and colors in their leaf. This plant is also a great pickup for pet lovers too as they are pet-friendly species.

 

 How to grow Calatheas?

1. Potting/ Repotting

Calatheas Plant No photo description available.

– Calatheas needs potting when you buy it for the first time and need repotting every few years as the plant grows in size.

– Get a pot with good drainage so that the extra water can be drained.

– Then, fill half the pot with potting soil and put the root part of the plant on it. Don’t forget to break clumps of soil before putting it in the pot to make it porous.

– If you don’t have potting soil, you can use compost mixed soil from nearby field but be aware on worms which might damage plant root.

 

2. Propagation

a) By division:

– Propagating Calatheas is quite tricky and needs a lot of patience. They are usually propagated through division.

– Divide the roots at the natural division from plants root-balls and then pot it separately for new plants. Be careful not to damage the fragile roots of Calatheas as it impacts growth or generation a lot.

– But, the divided parts will take some time to generate their roots and in the process the remaining leaves might dry a little.

– So, one need to be patient for at least 2 to 4 weeks.

– The pot in which the plant is propagated should have enough moisture, porous and well-drained.

 

b) By seeds:

– Difficult to achieve success but could be done.

– Mix cocopeat with soil for its better growth.

– Moisten soil and sow the seed at depth of 0.5- 1 cm depth.

– Cover the pot with plastic to maximize humidity and keep seedling warm.

– Place the pot in bright areas with indirect light.

– Once the seeds are 3-5 cm high carefully transplant it into separate pot.

No photo description available. 993 Beautiful Calathea Photos - Free & Royalty-Free Stock Photos from Dreamstime

 

How to care for Calatheas?

Being an indoor plant they need less care and attention. But that does not mean you can put the plant and completely ignore it. You should at least provide it with basic requirements. But extra love and care is never disappointing rather it makes this species look so stunning.

1. Sunlight

Calatheas don’t need much sunlight. It is better recommended to put in the places where it can get morning sunlight. But be aware to avoid direct sunlight for a long time and don’t put the plant in dark places too. 

 

2. Humidity

– This species prefer humid places. So, you must maintain the humidity of the room to be at least more than 50%. 

– If you observe the leaves turning brown and crispy at the edges it is due to dryness. Thus, it is better to spray leaves with water from time to time to fix the humidity level.

 

3. Temperature

Calatheas do not prefer both cold as well as hot temperature. 70 to 85 degree Fahrenheit is recommended to maintain, as this temperature is considered to be best for its proper growth and development.

 

4. Watering

– The soil need to be moist for this species to flourish well.

– While watering, stick your finger in the soil. If you feel moist then the water you give is enough. If you feel dry, you need to give more water.

– Giving less water will make your plant dry and it will eventually die whereas giving more water will results in bacterial and fungal infection in the roots and plants will die. So, aware of overwatering and underwatering.

– Simple formula is just to never let the soil be dry and water-logged.

 

5. Fertilizer

You should fertilize the soil with liquid fertilizer (NPK) at half-strength once per month to provide it with the required nutrients. If it doesn’t get enough nutrients it will not flower and the leaves might turn brown.

Beautiful foliage color of Calathea Rattlesnake plants. The beautiful foliage color of Calathea Rattlesnake plants stock image Calathea lancifolia plant (peacock plant) on a white background in a modern apartment. Beautiful Calathea Lancifolia houseplant (peacock plant rattlesnake stock photos

 

Benefits of Calatheas

a) Decoration: Calatheas are extremely beautiful and there is no denying it. The neon green and purple-pink color of the leaf will give a nice contrast to the room. The plant always sticks out and gives a modern feel to the room’s architecture.

b) Easy To Care: Calatheas are very easy to look after. They don’t need much care other than watering and pruning. It also does not get any major diseases but watch out for spider mites as they can nest in the leaves.

c) Air Purification: Calatheas plants take harmful chemicals from the atmosphere and clean them.

d) Non-toxic: The plant is completely non-toxic and is safe for a home with kids and furry friends (pets). So, best preferred by indoor plant lover.

 

 Some beautiful Calatheas

Source: olena-shmahalo-nMnQH_D_kBo-unsplash

 

1. Calathea Makoyana (Peacock Plant)

2. Calathea Crocata

3. Calathea Zebrina

4. Calathea Roseopicta

5. Calathea Roseopicta ‘Dottie’

 

Interesting Facts

a) The Calathea genus consists of more than 150 species of plants.

b) Calatheas are also called “Prayer Plant” as the leaves close at night to look like praying hands.

c) Some Calatheas are named after animals because the patterns on the leaves look similar to the patterns of the fur of animals. Some examples of this include Zebra Plant, Peacock Plant, and Rattlesnake Plant.

d) The vibrant color of the leaves fades away when kept in harsh sunlight.

e) The plant is also known to work as a humidifier for the room and maintain humidity.

 

Hope all of you have enjoyed this article and will practice it to achieve intended results. We will be back soon with more new articles till then happy reading and keep supporting us. Thank You!

 

The products of  crops which are used as food adjuncts to add flavor and aroma are spices. But spices used as food adjuncts to add taste are condiments.

Spices like turmeric are used as paste, liquid, and grind forms to improve texture, flavor, color and to increase shelf-life.

 

Introduction:

Turmeric is a herbaceous perennial spice crop native of tropical South East Asia which are close to ginger. This species bear large green leaves which can grows 3 or more feet tall. The rhizome of turmeric contains a pigment called Curcumin which is widely used for coloring in the food industry.

Scientific name: Curcuma longa

 

 

How to grow?

This species belonging to zingiberaceae (Ginger) family bears long, broad, lanceolate, and bright green leaves. The flowers are pale yellow and borne on dense spikes. This species with excellent medicinal properties have attracted cultivators and pharmacists or Ayurveda all over the world too. 

 

1. Cultivars:

a) Co-1: This cultivar has a big, bright orange rhizome. It is a long-duration variety suitable mostly for drought and saline soils.

b) Roma: It is medium duration variety that is comparatively less susceptible to diseases than other varieties.

c) Ranga: Rhizomes are bold, spindle-shaped, and orange-yellow.

 

Note: Take seeds with >12% moisture content and >95% physical purity. Use cultivars depending on the cuisine you prefer.

 

2. Soil:

a) Turmeric can be grown in diverse soil conditions from red soil to clay loam, alluvial loam, and well-drained soils.However, it thrives best in well-drained sandy or clay loam soils.

b) While talking about pH; acidic to slightly alkaline soil (5.8 to 7.8) is best for its cultivation. 

c) Be aware on water stagnation as it is lethal for turmeric as it causes root destruction.

d) Use 100% well-decomposed compost fertilizers only.

 

3. Climate and environment:

– Turmeric can be grown in diverse tropical conditions from sea level to 1600 meters above sea level.

– It requires a warm and humid climate, and can tolerate dry weather conditions but also could be successfully cultivated in partial shade.

– It thrives well at a temperature range of 20-30 degrees Celsius.

– This species is found doing best in rainfed conditions. Thus, well-distributed rainfall of 1500mm is preferred for its cultivation.

No photo description available.

 

4. Field preparation:

– The land should be thoroughly plowed (4-6 times) to bring the soil to a fine tilth.

– Proper size raised or flatbeds are prepared preferably of 1-meter width and convenient length with a spacing of 30cm between the beds for drainage channels.

– In the case of the irrigated crops, ridges and furrows are prepared and the rhizomes are planted in shallow pits on the top of ridges.

 

5. Manure and fertilizers:

– Apply 25-30 tons of well-decomposed FYM or organic manure at the time of final land preparation.

– Inorganic fertilizers 125kg Nitrogen, 6okg Phosphorus and Potassium are recommended.

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6. Sowing time: 

– Turmeric is planted with the receipt of pre-monsoon showers.
– In general, March-April is the optimum time for planting.

 

7. Irrigation:

– The beds should be kept moist until the onset of rain.

– Mulching is generally done to protect the crop from weed infestation and also to conserve soil moisture.

 

8. Inter-culture and weed control:

a) The first weeding operation should be done in 20-25 days after sowing.

b) The second weeding operation should be done in 50-60 days after sowing.

c) Apart from this, it is best to perform weeding operations whenever the density of weed emergence in the field is impeding the efficient growth of the main plant.

The lesser the weed, the healthier the plant as weeds tend to compete with the main plant in terms of space, fertilizers, and nutrient requirements.

 

Processing of turmeric:

1. Curing: Curing involves boiling fresh rhizomes in water and drying them in the sun. In the traditional method, the cleaned rhizome s are boiled in copper or galvanized iron for 45-60 minutes with water just enough to soak them.

2. Drying: The cooked fingers are dried in the sun by spreading in 5-7 cm thick layers on bamboo mats or drying floor. a thinner layer is not desirable as the color of the dried product may be adversely affected. During the night, the material should be heaped and covered which takes nearly 10-15 days to dry.

3. Polishing: Since dry turmeric has a poor appearance and rough coloration, the appearance should be improved by smoothening the outer surface by mechanical rubbing. The turmeric is also polished in power-operated drums.

4. Coloring: The color of turmeric always attracts buyers. In order to impart attractive yellow color, turmeric suspension in water is added to the polishing drum in the last 10 minutes. Afterward, the rhizomes should be dried in the sun.

 

Storage of seed rhizomes:

– The seed rhizome selected should be free from insect pests and diseases.

– The seed material is harvested in dry weather and stored in a pit of 1 meter deep and 0.5 meters wide in size. The seed rhizomes should be dried in shade before storing.

 

Major diseases and Control:

1. Name: Leaf spot (Taphrina maculans)

Symptoms: Spots appear in great numbers covering both sides of the leaves. The attacked leaves appear reddish-brown. In severe attacks, the spots are larger, irregular in shape, and coalesced.

Control: Use of healthy planting materials, spray 1% Bordeaux mixture or Dithane M-45 at the interval of 10 days, field sanitation. 

 

2. Name: Rhizome and root rot

Symptoms: Show gradual drying along the margins. The basal portion of the soot appears watery soft. The root system is reduced and its tissues are also affected. In the advanced stage, the infection spreads to rhizomes which decompose and turn into a decaying mass of tissues.

Control: Drench the soil with 0.1% Cerasan, avoid waterlogging and uproot diseased plants as soon as noticed in the field.

 

Major insects control: 

Name: Leaf Beetle

Leaf Bettle, Bettle, Leaf, Insect

Symptoms: Complete defoliation.

Control: Spray white oil (Agro Spray) @ 2-5 ml/l of water as soon as the insect is observed in the field.

 

Benefits of cultivation:

Antioxidant, Nutrition, Immunity Turmeric, Powder, Chopping Board

– Highly used for coloring in the food industry

– Highly anti-bacterial

– The best raw material for making industrial dyes

– Helpful for manufacturing value-added products like oil, oleoresin, curcuminoids, and turmeric powder.

– Also best for commercial production  

– Best for urban gardening in shady terraces with well-drained soils as well.

– Useful for healing coughs.

 

How do you feel about the article? Don’t forget to like and comment on this article and if you feel its really worthy share it with others too. We will be back soon with more informative articles till then Happy reading!

Any dilemma on selection of fruit plant with pure perfection on maturity. Here, the peach is for you. Then let’s learn on how to plant, grow and harvest peaches effectively on your home garden!

peach plant peach fruits

Eat the fruit of happiness and be happy, make your life joyful by growing a Peachtree in your garden in a few easy steps.

 

Introduction

Peach is a fruit tree originated from Northwest China and Tarim basin that commonly grows throughout the warmer temperate regions. The fruit is edible and very juicy one. This species is normally cultivated in regions of Northern and Southern hemispheres.   

It is found to be widely cultivated within the regions of Persia(Iran) and China. China is the largest producer of peach which is proven by statistics that they alone produces approx. 62% of the world’s peach. 

 

Note (IQ):

Peach fruit is also considered as a stone fruit of agricultural relevance due to its economic value as well as its health benefits.

These fruit species are preferred for humid conditions as they are extreme humid tolerable species. 

Scientific name: Prunus persica 

 

Climatic Conditions (Preferences)

Peach fruit grows best within a temperate climate. Generally, tropical and subtropical regions are not preferred except at high altitudes. This species requires certain cooling hours for its proper growth but is advised to keep away from hard frost.  Growing peach in late winter or early spring is believed to provide with mind-blowing results.

But,

Be careful on: Peace fruit should be evenly moist in its first year. It is to remember that excessive wetness can create fungal diseases in Peach trees.

 

Specialties of Peach Trees 

1. Peach fruit trees can grow up to 6.5 meters in height.

2. Pruning is needed for Peach fruit trees during cultivation.

3. It owns a gland at its bases that secrete a fluid due to which ants and other insects are attracted.

4. Ripen peach fruit can be determined from the outer skin of its fruits. Generally, their skin turns into red, fuzzy or downy when ripen.

5. The stems, leaves, and seeds of Peach trees contain cyanide which can be toxic to humans and animals so be careful for livestock.

 

Recommended variety

“Redhaven” is the most common and recommended variety of peach plants to grow.

 

Best Recommended Planting Technique

Planting a peach tree takes a lot of patience as it might take up to 3 months to germinate or sprout. But, for early results just try to follow these tips which will definitely works best:

1. Grab some peach pits and crack them open to get to the seed inside.

peach seeds inside hard shell

2. Soak the seed overnight in lukewarm water.

peach seeds inside plastic cups

3. Prepare soil by mixing vermi-compost in a jar. Put the seed inside moist soil and then in refrigerator. But be aware not to make soil moldy in the name of moist.

4. The germination process can take long weeks to months, but don’t lose hope and check biweekly.

5. If seed(s) do sprout, that means they are ready to be transplanted onto the field or into a pot.

 

Transplanting Peach Seed

At the early stages, the seeds can be transplanted into a pot and later transferred onto the real field. Just make sure to plant the seeds with the root facing down inwards. Check if the soil passes the below requirements.

 

Prerequisites

A) Soil Type

– Make sure the soil is well-drained loamy soil. The ph of the soil must be 6 to 6.5 for the optimal growth of the peach tree.

– Normal soil with cocopeat, peat moss and perlite can be highly beneficial for plants’ growth.

peach seeds in peatmoss, perlite and cocopeat

 

B) Location

– Always plant the peach seeds at the location receiving maximum sunlight. Peach grown in shade are vulnerable to pests and diseases making it much harder to maintain on top of already hard and long beginnings. 

 

C) Planting Steps

– Dig a hole that is 2x (2 times) larger than the original root base. This is to make the roots grow properly underground.

– Now finally plant the seed with the root facing down into the hole. Cover the seed loosely with the soil and spray some water.

– Be aware on overwatering; for this just check the soil by tip of your finger pressing onto the soil.

 

D) Pruning

The peach trees must be pruned yearly to prevent the trees from getting weak, making them less vulnerable to pests and diseases whilst also increasing fruit yield.

 

E) Pests and Diseases

The peach trees are sensitive to fungus, and some insects. During early stages they are vulnerable to diseases if grown in shady areas with less sun.

 

Probable reason why your peach might have stop growing?

– Your rootstock might not be healthy enough.

– There is not enough space for your tree root to spread further due to compaction of trees.

– Plantation of wrong varieties of trees according to location, climate and temperature.

 

Why your pear bear poor quality fruits or even don’t bear fruits?

– Poor quality fruits might be due to dying off of scion or upper part of tree graft.

– Overfertilization, reckless pruning, low temperature, lack of chilling hours and other climatic factors.

 

Why your seeds are not germinating?

– Overuse of vermi-compost and cocopeat.

– Use of warm water to soak seeds.

– Soil with poor drainage.

– Use of low quality seeds from low quality fruits.

 

Health Benefits

  • Peach fruits are packed with Nutrients and Antioxidants.
  • Peach helps to improve digestion.
  • Improved Heart health.
  • It is recommended as a medicine for various skin diseases.
  • Peach fruits can prevent humans from certain types of cancer.
  • Consumption of Peach fruit can reduce Allergy symptoms.
  • It can boost the immunity of human beings.

 

Nutritional Value

              150 grams of Peach contains
Title value
Calories 58
Protein 1 gram
Fat Less than 1 gram
Carbs 14 grams
Fiber 2 grams
Vitamin C 17% of daily value
Vitamin A 10% of daily value
Potassium 8% of daily value
Vitamin E 5% of daily value
Vitamin K 5% of daily value
Copper 5% of daily value
Manganese 5% of daily value
Source: https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/peach-fruit-benefits
Interesting Fun Facts

1. National Peach Month is celebrated in August.

2. A large peach contains less than 70 calories.

3. Overall, there are more than 2000 varieties of Peach.

4. China produces 62% of the world’s peaches.

5. Georgia is considered the “peach state” because it produces many peaches.

6. Peaches are considered the fruit of calmness in Hungary.

 

Awful Kitchen scraps! Worried about crop growth in your home garden! Don’t stress yourself and get relieved from unpleasant and unbearable smelling green waste as well as kitchen trash, and enjoy crop flourishment and development through Vermicompost.

 

Vermicomposting

– process by which vermi (worms) are used to convert organic materials (usually green wastes) into a humus like material known as vermin-compost (Environmental Management, 2017).

 

Benefits of Vermicomposting

1. Nutrient-rich organic fertilizer to the soil and soil conditioner (Zularisam et al., 2010).
2. Increase soil ability to hold available nutrients.
3. Improve soil aeration and drainage capacity.
4. Improves soil structure i.e. suited for plant growth.
5. Increase useful bacteria in significant amount.
6. Mitigation of plant disease and suppression of plant pathogens (Trillas et al., 2006).
7. Eco-friendly techniques.

 

How to make Vermicomposting

You could Prepare your Vermicompost by just following 7 simple steps presented below:

 

1. Prepare your bin or bucket

– Prepare vermicompost in whatever you have whether bin or bucket. 

– Take 2 bucket i.e. one sitting inside other with little gap at bottom to collect seeping liquid (vermiwash).

– Make hole at the bottom (to drain out excess liquid) and at sides (for air circulation) using nails.

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2. Shred Paper for Bedding

– Make bedding layer with old newspapers or toilet paper tubes, and egg cartoons. 

– Keep the bedding layer moist but not soaking wet.

 

3. Add other Raw Materials (Food and soil)

– Add kitchen waste to the bucket or bin or trash.

– Add green waste or dry leaves collected from garden too and wait for 2 weeks.

– Collect some soil and mix it with composted leaves and add this as final layer.

– Sprinkle with some water at few days interval.

 

4. Add worms

– Earthworms, redworms and Eisenia fetid – best worms for vermicomposting.

– Add these worms on top of composted waste and cover it with thick card-board on top & stone to prevent the wind effect.

– Place bucket in shade

 

5. Regular- interval maintenance

Invest periodically and maintain the bin so that the worm become healthy and give best results. 

– Put your finger in soil and if it is hot shift it to cool places immediately.

 

6. Harvest 

– Within few months there will be plenty of nutrient-rich worm castings to harvest.

– For harvesting; bring another container with plastic bag inside it and then fill it or pour it directly into another tray.

– Again use same container for another preparation.

 

7. Add Vermicompost to the Plants

– Add small amount of vermicompost to your plant to enjoy their growth in-front of your eye.

 

References:

1. https://www.instructables.com/Vermicomposting-the-Easy-Way-for-the-Urban-Farmer/

2. http://www.balconycontainergardening.com/gardening/155-making-a-compost-bin

 

 

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Rambutan, a unique fruits, might be the ones many might not have even heard of. But, those who gets its taste and knows its benefits; they find this fruits as one of the best fruit species. 

Let’s explore about this highly beneficial and nutritious species and learn how to grow them at your own backyards.

 

Introduction

Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum) is an exotic sweet fruit found in Southeast Asia. Appearance-wise they are red golf-sized fruits with lots of hair on its surface. From inside they are just like lychee fruits i.e. white sweet flesh with seed in middle. 

This fruit got its name from the Malay word in which rambutan means hairs. This name was originated from Indonesia and has the tag for a superfood as well.

 

The tree of rambutan can grow up to the height of 80 feet. They are found in different tropical regions like Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, etc.

From a health perspective, rambutan fruits are very rich in nutrients and antioxidants. This fruit has got lots of nutritional values with low calorie and has various diseases fighting elements.

Consuming 5-6 rambutan fruits daily will help you to improve your immune system, removes unnecessary fat, and allow a healthy digestion system.

 

Difference between Rambutan and Lychee

Many people think that rambutan and lychee are the same fruits. Although they belong to the same family from appearance-wise and taste-wise both of them are completely different fruits.

Rambutan is slightly bigger than the lychee and has a sweet, creamier, and rich taste. But, lychee has a slightly crispier and floral taste.

Apart from this, rambutan has many nutritional benefits and is believed to be healthier than lychee. Hence, many fruit experts prefer rambutan fruits rather than lychee.

 

Varieties of Rambutan

  • Lebakbooloos
  • Seematjan
  • Seenjonja
  • Maharlika
  • Sectangkooweh
  • Seelengkeng
  • Seekonto

 

How to Grow Rambutan fruits

In order to grow rambutan fruits, a gardener should consider the quality of the soil, appropriate temperature, climate, water, and fertilizers. If you have proper knowledge of these things then it will be easy for you to grow rambutan fruits. For the first 2 years, you need to grow rambutan in a pot before migrating it towards the mainland.

Rambutan can be grown at an altitude of 1800-2000 feet from the sea level. The best time to grow the rambutan plant is between June to November. Also if the temperature and the soil quality are maintained then you can grow this plant in any part of the world.

The following are the steps that will help you to grow the rambutan fruit:

  • Take a fresh rambutan fruit, extract the seed from the plant, and clean the seed.

 

 

 

  • Take a well-drained pot, fill it with organic soil and then plant the seed in the pot. The depth of the soil should be 2-3 meters. Do not use a plastic pot, use a ceramic pot with having a drainage hole.

  • A good drainage system is very necessary for a tropical plant so use soil that can offer a good drainage system. To enable a good drainage system you can fill the pot with organic soil amended with peat moss and sand. You can also use loam soil for growing rambutan plant.

 

  • It will take about 10-21 days for the seed to germinate.
  • Place the pot near a bright window or under indirect sunlight. For the first 2 years, the rambutan plant doesn’t require direct sunlight. Once the plant becomes mature and planted outside on the mainland then it will require direct sunlight for 8-10 hours.

  • After 2 years the rambutan plant will grow up to 1 foot in height. At this time you can propagate your plant to the main field.

  • Rambutan fruits will be ready to be harvested after 5 years. Once the fruit color change to red then you can pick the fruit from the tree.

 

The Requirement for Growing Rambutan Fruits

  • Rambutan is a tropical plant so the ideal temperature requires for the growth of rambutan is 27-30 °C. You can grow this plant in any tropical or subtropical regions.
  • For the propagation of this plant, you need a well fertilize the land. The pit should be 3 feet deep and should have a balanced mixture of soil and manure.
  • If you are planting multiple rambutans trees then the distance between two trees should be 40 feet apart.
  • For the fertilizer, you can use organic manure, or a mixture of urea, potassium, and potash.
  • You can make homemade natural fertilizer by using cow dunk, neem cake, and compost manure.
  • For the first three years fertilize the plant once a year and after that, you can use fertilizer every six months.
  • Rambutan plant doesn’t require much water. So do not water rambutan plants frequently.
  • It will be a good idea to trim the branches once the tree reaches a height of 10 feet so that the birds cannot make a nest in the tree.

 

How to eat Rambutan fruits

Rambutan are delicate fruits so it’s better to consume within 2-3 days as it doesn’t last fresh more than that at normal room temperature.

The white flesh part of rambutan is edible and to get to that white part you need to peel the outside hairy surface of the rambutan. Either you can peel it with your hand or can use a knife to cut it open. After removing the surface you need to remove the seed as well and then you can have it.

It is better to avoid eating seeds and peel of rambutan as they contain some amount of toxic components so they are unsafe for your health.

 

Nutritional Value of Rambutan

From each 100g of rambutan fruits you will be getting the following nutritional values:

Protein: 1.0g

Cholesterol: 0.0mg

Fat: 0.1g

Thiamin: 0.01mg

Vitamin C: 7.4mg

Sodium: 16.5mg

Potassium: 63.0mg

Calcium: 33.0mg

Vitamin A: 4.5IU

Iron: 0.5mg

 

Health Benefits of Rambutan fruits

  • They are a very good source of Vitamin C. Vitamin C helps to produce white blood cell in our body which help to increase the immune system and fight against different diseases.
  • It provides about 2g of fiber in every 100g rambutan fruit. It also provides some copper that will help to improve cell growth.
  • It helps to remove the unwanted body fats.
  • From a study, it is seen that the extract of rambutan fruit can help to protect your heart from various heart diseases by reducing high cholesterol, and triglyceride levels. It helps to fight various heart diseases.
  • Rambutan has got anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties. This fruit contains antioxidants that help to fight against cancer.
  • Rambutan contains water that helps to hydrate the body’s skin and makes your skin soft.
  • They are also a good source of iron.
  • Rambutan contains fibers and half of the fibers are insoluble which helps in intestinal transit acceleration and thus promotes healthy digestion.

 

Health Benefits of Rambutan leaves

  • The leaves of rambutan can be used as herbal medicine to provide nutrition and maintain the good health of your scalp.
  • It helps to strengthen hair roots and prevents hair loss.
  • The leaves are also used for preparing herbal natural black dye.
  • It is also believed that the brew of leaves can be used as an alternative medicine for diabetes.
  • The paste of rambutan leaves acts as a good pain killer.
  • The leaves of rambutan are also used to control fever, solve digestion problems, diarrhea, reduction of blood cholesterol, and many more.

 

Rambutan fruits fun facts

  • In every season rambutan trees can produce up to 6000 fruits.
  • Cooking oil can be extracted from the seed of rambutan.
  • After planting rambutan, it will start to produce fruits within 5-6 years.
  • A paste made from the leaves of rambutan helps to nourish your hair.
  • There are more than 150 species of rambutan plants.
  • Rambutan trees can survive for more than 20 years.
  • The height of rambutan trees can grow up to a height of 66 feet.

 

References

https://www.fruitsinfo.com/Rambutan-fruit.php

https://www.nutritionadvance.com/rambutan-fruit/

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/rambutan#other-benefits

https://www.agrifarming.in/how-to-grow-rambutan-fruits-a-complete-guide

https://drhealthbenefits.com/herbal/leaves/health-benefits-of-rambutan-leaves

https://www.softschools.com/facts/plants/rambutan_facts/1862/

https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/edible/fruits/rambutan/rambutan-growing-tips

https://english.mathrubhumi.com/agriculture/tips-for-farming/tips-to-grow-rambutan-the-gorgeous-delicious-and-moneymaking-fruit–1.3423132

I hope you have enjoyed reading this article and gain some good information regarding the rambutan fruits and its health benefits. Have you ever tasted this sweet fruit? If not then you can get this fruit from your nearest Asian market.

How do you feel about this article? Your comments are highly valued and will be considered for our improvements. Hence, please feel free to comments your views and suggestion regarding this particular post & how we could provide you with better information too.

We (Learn-Agro) team will be back soon with a more informative and interesting post. Till then “Happy reading” and enjoy your time.

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