It is claimed that our homes have three to five times more pollutants than the outdoors. NASA had suggested the list of various plants which can sanitize or purify the…Read More
In January 2019, China landed its spacecraft named Chang’e 4 Moon lander. This is the first time that any spacecraft landed on the surface of the far side of the Moon. This spacecraft carried different scientific instruments. Along with those instruments, It carried a closed container which contained soil and various plants such as cotton plant, arabidopsis, and potato seeds. It was the first time that any biological substances have been cultivated or grown on the surface of the Moon. Inside the container air, water, nutrients, and temperature is maintained which lets those plants grow well.
There is a fragile layer of gases on Moon surfaces however that can also be termed as the atmosphere. Different elements, such as argon-40, helium-4, oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide are detected in the lunar atmosphere. Temperatures on the Moon are extreme i.e negative –173℃ at night to positive +212℃ at sunlight. Daytime on one side of the Moon is around 13 and a half days and followed by 13 and a half nights of darkness. Because of the conditions plants has a lot difficulties to be grown on the surface of the moon. But with special arrangements China has experimented to grow few plants over moon.
The Change’s 4 spacecraft had a specialized container for carrying cotton, potato, tomato and arabidopsis thaliana seeds including fly eggs so as to make a eco system inside the vessel.
The plants were not directly planted on the moon’s surface. These seeds were grown inside these specialized containers.
This container is 18 cm tall bucket also known as mini biospheres, because they came with their soil, water, air, and nutrients. These mini hemispheres also controlled inner humidity and temperature suitable for the plants to grow properly. They protected these plants from external factors on the moon’s surface.
Cotton seeds are the first ever seeds sprouted on the surface of moon. Below is the image of the cotton seeds sprouts inside the specialized vessel.
Cotton seeds are the seeds of cotton plants that are ovoid in shape.
It is one of the world’s leading agricultural crops which is relatively easiest to grow under any circumstances.
Cotton plants grow well in warm climates (above 13-15℃ ). These plants also don’t rely on external agents for pollination, they can pollinate themselves. They can also be planted indoors in a container or outdoors, don’t need much watering, and only need around 3-4 hours of sunlight; compared to other plants, they don’t need much care and maintenance at all.
Potatoes are one of the easiest plants to grow under any type of climatic conditions, weather temperature or anywhere.
According to Almanac.com’s guide on growing potatoes the potatoes have hardiness of 7 i.e potato plants can withstand the minimum temperature of 10℉ to 50℉ ( -6.7℃ to -1.1℃), so you can even plant them in the colder regions.
These features of potatoes make it ideal to plant them anywhere, in fact the whole country of the USA is suitable for growing potatoes without a doubt.
If you are planning to grow potatoes, the best conditions to grow potatoes are dry and cool temperatures.
Make sure to find a place that receives the most amount of sunlight because potatoes prosper in sunlight.
Potatoes grow underground, so they naturally grow better in loose soil.
Tomatoes are one of the easiest plants to grow under any circumstances. Generally, the tomato growth rate is high so it doesn’t take too long to mature. Tomatoes also can withstand and thrive in low and high temperatures.
They are found to be smaller in size due to which it can be cultivated easily. Yield rates of Tomatoes are also found to be higher due to which large masses of edible fruit or vegetables can grow per unit area. This plant grows well in reduced light and a wide variety of soil.
Arabidopsis thaliana or commonly known as mouse-ear cress is a small flowering plant. The reason why researchers decide to plant this is because the plant is effective for learning the biology of many varieties of plants. They can be also used for studying the development process of how the flowers develop. So, the plant functions as a basis or a model for studying similar types of plants.
Cotton seeds succeeded other plants in germinating on the moon’s surface. They became the first plants to ever grow on the surface of the moon.
However, they didn’t survive for long as the plant died just after 6 days. According to the official reports, lower temperatures on the moon were the main reason why the plant could not survive any longer. As for the potato and Arabidopsis Thaliana they have yet to see any progress.
As the expedition never ends we are very hopeful in near future humans will be able to grow plants on the surface of moon with special conditions maintained. As maintaining green house people has grown wide range of plants in extreme places of earth in same way humans will be able to make the breakthrough very soon on the surface of Moon and even planet Mars.
Anacardium occidentale commonly known as cashew tree is an evergreen tree that produces cashew fruit. There are two parts of cashew fruit and they are cashew nuts and the cashew apple. Generally, We are only well known with cashew nuts but cashew trees also produce cashew apples. Mainly in Brazil and India, Cashew trees are cultivated for commercial purposes. Cashew trees originated from Central America and the Caribbean Islands. Cashews are also used in Indian and Pakistani cuisine for different purposes. Generally cashew plants grow with their full potential in tropical climates, where the climate is wet or dry. Cashew trees grow flowers as well as fruits during winter.
Best grows in sandy-loam soil where water can drain well.
For growth of seeds inside home Coco Peat is best. The coco peat is a bi-product of coconut-husks after they are processed to extract long fibers. It has a pH of 5.6-6.7 making it a good alternative for planting. It is eco friendly, weed and pathogens don’t have much effect on it, so much easier to maintain. Coco peat can also absorb water 8x its weight, so it can hold nutrients over a long period.
Pestalotia leaf spot
Bacterial leaf and
Cashew seeds can also develop fungus, so make sure to spread some antifungal powder to keep them healthy during the growth process. The anti-fungal powder such as Baking Soda can also be used as a safe treatment to cure fungus as it is found to kill even some established forms of fungus while germinating.
The cashews contain Copper, Manganese, Zinc, Magnesium and Phosphorus which are essential elements for improving one’ health. They are highly nutritious, with high amounts of vitamin C, calcium, iron and vitamin B1. Cashews also contain minerals like copper, magnesium, zinc, iron that support immune system function.
Please check the following video for growing Cashew nut tree at home:
Concerns about the spread of Coronavirus have increased demand for hand sanitizer to the point that people are considering making it at home. Let’s know about how to make Aloe vera hand sanitizer at home.
Barbados or Curacao Aloe commonly known as Aloe Vera is a plant species that is used as herbal medicine. Aloe vera originated from the Arabian Peninsula. Aloe vera is found to be grown in tropical, sub-tropical and arid climates. It is best known for agriculture and medical benefits as well as it can be used for decorative purposes. Generally Aloe vera grows naturally in dry, tropical climates in Africa, Asia and Europe and the southern part of America. There are several names provided to Aloe Vera such as “the wand of heaven”, ”heaven’s blessing” and ” the silent healer”.
Aloe vera is a desert plant, thus it can be grown in hot temperatures. It can’t however tolerate cold temperatures. The Aloe Vera plants are hardy to zones 10 and 11 i.e. the plant can withstand the minimum temperature of 4.4℃ to 10℃ (40℉ to 50℉). All southern US states have the perfect climatic conditions for growing Aloe Vera plants. Frost and extremely cold can cause extreme harm to plants sometime leading to death of plant as well.
A typical garden soil is good enough for Aloe Vera to grow. Infrequent watering can help the plant as watering often tends to have adverse effects on the plant, it can cause rot which is not a good sign. This is so because desert plants can hold enough water on their own both in the summer and even in the cold seasons. Aloe vera plant grows and thrives to its best on dry sandy soil.
A mix of garden soil and compost is necessary for the healthy growth process of aloe vera plants.People also grow in peat moss pear light mixture or coco peat or even clay mixed with sand 50% is also not bad to grow this plant. Basically in all kind of soil we can grow this plant.
Aloe vera can be grown form the seeds but that take huge time and effort.
Best recommended way to grow aloe vera is from success or the young aloe plants.
Collect a few young Aloe vera plants. Aloe vera can grow in a pot and doesn’t take much space at all. You can plant a couple of them in a single pot.
Now take a pot with a hole in the bottom for drainage, put a soil stopper partially covering the draining hole and fill the pot with garden soil mixed with compost.
Now plant a couple of aloe vera. Don’t forget to water them afterward. Maintaining moist soil is important and also remember over watering is bad.
Excess of watering may cause root rot. So water them when the they seems little dry at the top of the pot.
After 3 months, check if their leaves are thick or not, if they are, that means they are full of aloe vera goodness.
The most important slice is in the middle. To extract juice, follow the steps below
1. Peel off the top and side thorn of the leaf, and peel of the middle with a sharp knife or scratch with a spoon.
2. Pour water and finally grind it. Aloe juice is little bit bitter in taste so if you want to add flavor, you can do that. to make it more ferreting juice. it is considered very healthy.
3. The peeled off tops don’t go to waste as well as they can be applied on the skin to keep your skin protected against the heat.
Image from Pixabay
CAUTION: ‘Home made hand sanitizers’ should always be your last resort because even usual manufactured hand sanitizers aren’t as good as frequent hand washing with soap unto 20 second.
To make homemade hand sanitizers make sure you have the following ingredients first.
1. Helps in digestion of food, lose weight
4. Reduces cholesterol level
5. Removes toxin from the body
6. Strengthens immune system
7. Maintains your blood pressure
8. Stabilizes your blood sugar level
Aloe vera is not only good for your body but has immediate effects on your skin. Consistent use of aloe can give following benefits.
1. It can reduce stretch marks.
2. Remove wrinkles
3. It can also be used as a moisturizer by keeping your skin hydrated all the time.
Please check the following video for growing Aloe vera plant at home:
The Effects of Marijuana have been misrepresented or exaggerated by peoples but there are also various benefits of Marijuana. Let’s find out what are its benefits and also learn how to grow it at your home in this article.
Cannabis commonly known as Marijuana plant is perhaps the most popular and widely recognizable plant all over the world. It is believed that Marijuana plants originated or native to India or Central Asia. Marijuana plant has its various uses such as medicinal, recreational and spiritual purposes. Marijuana plants have both mental and physical effects due to which they are the most commonly used illegal drug in the world though they are legal in some countries like various states in USA, Uruguay, Canada, Georgia, South Africa . It can be consumed in different methods such as Smoking, Vaporizing, Edibles, Capsules, etc. Marijuana plants can be grown both indoor and outdoor under favorable conditions. We will be learning how to grow marijuana indoor at home (for educational purpose).
The cannabis plant needs dry, and loose soil. The combination of normal soil, coco peat and perlite combination is perfect for the healthy growth of the plant. The coco peat can hold the water 2x its weight thus making it ideal for growing plants. The perlite is used for making the soil much more loose and dry.
Cocopeat and pear light mix as a growing medium
The plan takes around 6 to 8 months to fully grow from seeds
Get a few cannabis seeds and soak in the bowl of water for a day.
After that transfer them onto a paper towel. Spray some water to keep the towel moist. This will enhance sprouting.
Wrap the paper towel so it can nicely fit inside a zip lock bag. Make sure the seeds don’t move around during germination and keep the paper towel moist if they seem dry.
Check the seeds regularly, around a week and a half, you can see the seeds beginning to sprout i.e the cannabis seeds now can be transferred into a pot or container for further growth.
Plant the seeds root first in the pot filled with growing medium, dry soil and spray some water. The pot should also contain holes at the bottom for drainage.
With infrequent watering, you can see the plant growing after a couple of weeks. Make sure the environment is clean and sanitized. The cannabis plant is incredibly vulnerable to pests and diseases at this stage. They also begin to develop small leaves.
Within 4-5 months, you can observe the plant is growing massive in size. This is normal behavior for this plant. At this stage, the plant needs a lot of water to continue growing. Make sure to transplant the plant into a bigger pot if the pot begins to show weakness against the plant’s size.
Everything from temperature, air humidity and lights must be maintained at this stage for the plant’s optimal growth and the yield.
Finally between 6-8 months, the plant reaches its final Stage. You can check the sex of the plant by investigating the nodes ( the point from which the branch extends fro the stem). Male plants have pollen sacs while the females have a stigma to catch the pollen.
For optimal harvest make sure the male plants don’t pollinate, so the females can grow strong and big. Separate them if you must.
Opt for a large cool, dry area for growing cannabis, a tent can be used for small production. Make sure the area is clean, sanitized, and has enough room for the lights, fan and the plants to grow especially when they are grown indoors. These plants can grow twice their size during their younger period of growth.
These plants needs to be under constant observation, and maintain everything from temperature, air to the lights.
If you are planning to plant them indoors, they can be grown in a large container that can handle the plant’s size. The container must contain holes for optimum drainage.
Either LED or HID grow lamps can be used for lighting. LED lamps run on lower temperature, produce better yield compared to HID grow lamps, however, they’re much more expensive.
These plants need a lot of air, thus a fan needs to be constantly running by their side.
Indoor growing is challenging. Maintaining temperature, light condition and water is very crucial for best yield from this plant. Below are the list of general hydroponics for indoor gardening. One should use the composition of the hydroponics according to the age of the plant.
Cal Mag (Calcium & Magnesium)
Floral Micron nutrients
Both the lights and the temperature should be automated. Make sure not to stress the plant by giving too much of light or hydroponics nutrients. In general 12-16 hours of light is ok in the beginning. But during the flowering stage only 8-10 hours of light is better fo max yield.
The cannabis plant can be distinguished into Male plant and Female Plant. You should always focus on the growth of the female cannabis plant, because that is where all the money is. So how do you distinguish between them, we will show you how
The Male plants have pollen sacs at the nodes. The nodes are the points from which the branch extends from the stem.
Male Cannabis Plant
On the other hand, Female cannabis plants have stigma at the nodes. These stigmas are there for to catch pollen grains from the male cannabis plants.
The real reason why female and male cannabis plants must be separated is that pollination can hamper the growth of the female plant. So if the male plants do get pruned or separated, the female plants can grow much larger in size. the yield becomes much better.
The cannabis plant is vulnerable to pests and diseases at an early stage. The fungus is a common pest for plants, so make sure to keep the surrounding area clean. If the fungus does appear, you can prune them.
Recently many countries has legalized medical marijuana. Some of its benefits are :
Mexican Chia or Salba Chia commonly known as Chia is one of the species of flowering plants in the mint family. Chia is grown and consumed commercially in different countries like Mexico, Bolivia, Argentina, Ecuador, Nicaragua, and Australia. Chia seeds are considered as one of the healthiest foods in the world. Health-conscious people from all over the world consume it. Chia seeds originated from Mexico. Chia seeds are cultivated on a small scale within central Mexico and Guatemala.
2 teaspoon of Chia Seeds contain:
Check video for growing the Chia seeds at home:
Do you know that Kiwifruit contain vitamin C twice then that of oranges? Do you also know that Kiwi fruit exceeds all the fruits per gram in content of vitamins and fibers? IF you don’t know they both are true. So if this fruit have these all benefits let’s know about kiwifruit and have our own plant at home.
Kiwi fruit commonly known as kiwi or Chinese gooseberry are small fruits that are enriched with a lot of flavor as well as health benefits. Kiwifruit originated as well as found widely in China. Kiwifruit is grown in New Zealand and California for commercial purposes. Generally they are found slightly acidic as well as unique in taste and can be consumed raw or by cooking. Kiwifruit are grown in most temperate climates. The whole fruit, including the skin of Kiwifruit is good for human health. They can be grown all over the seasons. Generally, they are grown in California from November to May, and in New Zealand from June to October.
Kiwi fruit is generally grown in regions with adequate summer heat. Kiwi fruit will grow and thrive in any climate that can have at least a month of below 7 degree Celsius in winter. A frost-free season is required for kiwifruit to harvest. Kiwi fruit requires frequent irrigation or rainfall to grow well due to which they can be grown in areas with heavy rainfall. Kiwifruit grows well in hot summer areas with maximum temperatures up to 45 degree Celsius.
Hardy kiwi cultivars are generally recommended for cooler zones, however, Hayward Kiwi is the main variety produced around the world.
These kiwi fruits are small in size, however, they pack an incredible amount of nutrients. These nutrients can have a lot of benefits and some of them are as follows:
Please check the following video for growing kiwi plant at home:
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