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Fun & Facts

Fun and Facts...

Even in those extreme atmospheric and climatic conditions cotton seeds were sprouted on the surface of moon. Do you know how did it happen? Let’s explore more below how does it happen and who did it worked?

Moon

Introduction

In January 2019, China landed its spacecraft named Chang’e 4 Moon lander. This is the first time that any spacecraft landed on the surface of the far side of the Moon. This spacecraft carried different scientific instruments. Along with those instruments, It carried a closed container which contained soil and various plants such as cotton plant, arabidopsis, and potato seeds. It was the first time that any biological substances have been cultivated or grown on the surface of the Moon. Inside the container air, water, nutrients, and temperature is maintained which lets those plants grow well.

Atmosphere of the Moon

There is a fragile layer of gases on Moon surfaces however that can also be termed as the atmosphere. Different elements, such as argon-40, helium-4, oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide are detected in the lunar atmosphere. Temperatures on the Moon are extreme i.e  negative –173℃ at night to positive  +212℃ at sunlight. Daytime on one side of the Moon is around 13 and a half days and followed by 13 and a half nights of darkness. Because of the conditions plants has a lot difficulties to be grown on the surface of  the moon. But with special arrangements China has experimented to grow few plants over moon. 

  

Mini biosphere experiment

The Change’s 4 spacecraft had a specialized container for carrying cotton, potato, tomato and arabidopsis thaliana seeds including fly eggs so as to make a eco system inside the vessel.  

The plants were not directly planted on the moon’s surface. These seeds were grown inside these specialized containers.

Source: https://www.sciencealert.com/china-has-just-grown-the-first-plants-on-the-moon

This container is 18 cm tall bucket also known as mini biospheres, because they came with their soil, water, air, and nutrients. These mini hemispheres also controlled inner humidity and temperature suitable for the plants to grow properly. They protected these plants from external factors on the moon’s surface.

Source: https://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2019/01/15/plants-grown-moon-first-time-paving-way-lunar-base/

 

There are many varieties of the plants found on Earth, each have their unique properties and significance towards what nutritional value it can give to a human body. Some of them have so many benefits, you wonder if they are real also being quite attractive to look at. So to the main question, why Potatoes and Tomatoes? Well, today we’ll be looking at each plant – discuss why it makes them special to grow them not only on planet Earth but to the point they are chosen to be planted on the Moon and why you should also be grown in your home at your own expense of time.

Cotton seeds

Cotton seeds are the first ever seeds sprouted on the surface of moon. Below is the image of the cotton seeds sprouts inside the specialized vessel.

(Cotton seeds carried by China’s Chang’e-4 lunar lander have germinated inside the probe on the far side of the Moon CREDIT: CHONGQING UNIVERSITY / AFP)

cotton seed

Cotton seeds are the seeds of cotton plants that are ovoid in shape.

Cotton bulb

It is one of the world’s leading agricultural crops which is relatively easiest to grow under any circumstances.

Cotton plants grow well in warm climates (above 13-15℃ ). These plants also don’t rely on external agents for pollination, they can pollinate themselves. They can also be planted indoors in a container or outdoors, don’t need much watering, and only need around 3-4 hours of sunlight; compared to other plants, they don’t need much care and maintenance at all.

Potatoes

Potatoes are one of the easiest plants to grow under any type of climatic conditions, weather temperature or anywhere.

potatoes   

According to Almanac.com’s guide on growing potatoes the potatoes have hardiness of 7 i.e potato plants can withstand the minimum temperature of 10℉ to 50℉ ( -6.7℃ to -1.1℃), so you can even plant them in the colder regions.

 These features of potatoes make it ideal to plant them anywhere, in fact the whole country of the USA is suitable for growing potatoes without a doubt.

If you are planning to grow potatoes, the best conditions to grow potatoes are dry and cool temperatures.

Make sure to find a place that receives the most amount of sunlight because potatoes prosper in sunlight.

Potatoes grow underground, so they naturally grow better in loose soil.

 

Tomatoes

Tomatoes are one of the easiest plants to grow under any circumstances. Generally, the tomato growth rate is high so it doesn’t take too long to mature. Tomatoes also can withstand and thrive in low and high temperatures.

tomatoes

They are found to be smaller in size due to which it can be cultivated easily. Yield rates of Tomatoes are also found to be higher due to which large masses of edible fruit or vegetables can grow per unit area. This plant grows well in reduced light and a wide variety of soil.

tomatoes growing

 

 

Arabidopsis thaliana

Arabidopsis thaliana or commonly known as mouse-ear cress is a small flowering plant. The reason why researchers decide to plant this is because the plant is effective for learning the biology of many varieties of plants. They can be also used for studying the development process of how the flowers develop. So, the plant functions as a basis or a model for studying similar types of plants.

 

Results

Cotton seeds succeeded other plants in germinating on the moon’s surface. They became the first plants to ever grow on the surface of the moon.

However, they didn’t survive for long as the plant died just after 6 days. According to the official reports, lower temperatures on the moon were the main reason why the plant could not survive any longer. As for the potato and Arabidopsis Thaliana they have yet to see any progress. 

 

Learnagro assumption..

As the expedition never ends we are very hopeful in near future humans will be able to grow plants on the surface of moon with special conditions maintained. As maintaining green house people has grown wide range of plants in extreme places of earth in same way humans will be able to make the breakthrough very soon on the surface of Moon and even planet Mars.

Have you ever thought which fruit has seeds outside of fruit ?  Only 2 fruits, its cashew and strawberry amazing right. There are also lots of amazing benefits of cashew check them and also learn how to grow cashew plant at home. 

Introduction

Anacardium occidentale commonly known as cashew tree is an evergreen tree that produces cashew fruit. There are two parts of cashew fruit and they are cashew nuts and the cashew apple. Generally, We are only well known with cashew nuts but cashew trees also produce cashew apples. Mainly in Brazil and India, Cashew trees are cultivated for commercial purposes. Cashew trees originated from Central America and the Caribbean Islands. Cashews are also used in Indian and Pakistani cuisine for different purposes. Generally cashew plants grow with their full potential in tropical climates, where the climate is wet or dry. Cashew trees grow flowers as well as fruits during winter.

Cashew Tree

 

 

Climatic Conditions

  • Blossoming of Cashew nut trees takes place between November and January.
  • Cashew nut trees grow in a wide area of climatic regions between the 25 degrees N and S latitudes.
  • 25 degrees Celsius is considered as the optimal temperature to grow Cashew nut trees.
  • Commercial plantings of Cashew nut trees where the  minimum temperature goes below 7 degrees Celsius holds high risk.
  • Cashew trees can easily adapt to hot lowland areas where a little amount of water is available.
  • It is found that it can easily handle temperatures above 40 degrees Celsius.

 

Specialties

  • Cashew nut trees have large leaves and pretty, pink flowers.
  • Cashew nut trees can grow up to 20 – 40 feet high.
  • Cashew apple is found to be pear-shaped and a mix of red and yellow.
  • Cashew nuts as well as Cashew apples are edible and are of multi-purposes.
  • Raw and unsalted cashews are often used for vegan diet recipes.

Planting Techniques

  1. Put the cashew seeds in a small plastic container and completely soak it in with water for at least 5 hours.
  2. cashew seeds soaking cashew seeds with water
  3. Fill plastic cups with coco peat to plant these seeds. (1 plastic cup = 1 seed).cups filled with coco peat
  4. Then place the seeds on a paper towel to soak extra water and make sure to use tweezers to grab them because Cashew seeds release toxic oils.using paper towels for soaking extra water from cashew seeds
  5. Now dig a small hole with your finger in the coco peat and bury the seeds root first. Make sure to spray some water after, to make keep seeds moist. Place them in partial sunlight areas for proper germination.burying cashew seeds root first
  6. After a week, the seeds begin to develop roots – which is a great indication that they’re growing properly.roots growing out of cashew seeds
  7. After two weeks, if you see root on the bottom of the cup, make sure to place whole thing in bigger pot without disturbing the roots.
  8. . Finally, place it inside a zip lock bag to maintain the moisture for the seeds.
  9. cashew seeds with deep roots
  10. attaching one cup on top of another with tape
  11. placing the coco eat cups inside zip lock bags
  12. Use anti-fungal powder to remove fungus from the seeds if they get infected with fungus.cashew seed fungus anti fungus powder
  13. After 20 to 25 days since the beginning, you can see the seeds start to grow plantlet and few young leaves will appear.leaves beginning to grow
  14. leaves growing indicating great planting process

Soil Type

Best grows in sandy-loam soil  where water can drain well. 

For growth of seeds inside home Coco Peat is best. The coco peat is a bi-product of coconut-husks after they are processed to extract long fibers. It has a pH of 5.6-6.7 making it a good alternative for planting. It is eco friendly, weed and pathogens don’t have much effect on it, so much easier to maintain. Coco peat can also absorb water 8x its weight, so it can hold nutrients over a long period.

Pests and Diseases

Major disease

Anthracnose

Pestalotia leaf spot

Bacterial leaf and

Nut spot

Cashew seeds can also develop fungus, so make sure to spread some antifungal powder to keep them healthy during the growth process. The anti-fungal powder such as Baking Soda can also be used as a safe treatment to cure fungus as it is found to kill even some established forms of fungus while germinating.

 

Health Benefits

  1. It helps in the digestion of food.
  2. It can also help prevent vision problems.
  3. Cashews can improve hair growth and improve one’s skin.
  4. They can help in losing weight.
  5. Cashews are very good for the heart.
  6. Cashews contain a great amount of good fat.
  7. Studies have found that they can also help prevent cancer, which in itself is a major benefit.

Nutritional facts

The cashews contain Copper, Manganese, Zinc, Magnesium and Phosphorus which are essential elements for improving one’ health. They are highly nutritious, with high amounts of vitamin C, calcium, iron and vitamin B1. Cashews also contain minerals like copper, magnesium, zinc, iron that support immune system function. 

 

Interesting Fun Facts

  • Only one cashew is produced by one cashew apple. Just imagine how much cashew apples were used to get a fist of cashews. Thats why also they are expensive.
  • Cashew tree was first cultivated during the 15th century.
  • Cashew seeds produce oil which is tiny bit of acidic and allergic to some skins. 
  • Shell of Cashew seeds can be used to yield different derivatives like lubricants, paints,  etc.
  • During World War II, different arms were produced from shells of Cashew seeds.
  • The leaves and bark of the Cashew nut tree can be made into a tea to treat diseases like diarrhea.

 

Please check the following video for growing Cashew nut tree at home:

 

 

 

 

Do you know that aloe vera gel possesses around 75 different vitamins? It is definitely a great ayurvedic plant to keep at home.

Concerns about the spread of Coronavirus have increased demand for hand sanitizer to the point that people are considering making it at home. Let’s know about how to make Aloe vera hand sanitizer at home.

Introduction

Barbados or Curacao Aloe commonly known as Aloe Vera is a plant species that is used as herbal medicine. Aloe vera originated from the Arabian Peninsula. Aloe vera is found to be grown in tropical, sub-tropical and arid climates. It is best known for agriculture and medical benefits as well as it can be used for decorative purposes. Generally Aloe vera grows naturally in dry, tropical climates in Africa, Asia and Europe and the southern part of America. There are several names provided to Aloe Vera such as “the wand of heaven”, ”heaven’s blessing” and ” the silent healer”.

aloe vera

 

Climatic Conditions

Aloe vera is a desert plant, thus it can be grown in hot temperatures. It can’t however tolerate cold temperatures. The Aloe Vera plants are hardy to zones 10 and 11 i.e. the plant can withstand the minimum temperature of 4.4℃ to 10℃ (40℉ to 50℉).  All southern US states have the perfect climatic conditions for growing Aloe Vera plants. Frost and extremely cold can cause extreme harm to plants sometime leading to death of plant as well. 

 

Specialties

  • Aloe vera is sometimes characterized as cactus.
  • Aloe vera plant usually grows without a stem or has a very short stem.
  • It has a shallow but wide root system.
  • Gel and latex are two substances gained from Aloe vera which can be used to produce commercial products.
  • Aloe vera gel can also be used as an ingredient in yogurts, beverages, and some desserts.

 

Soil Type

A typical garden soil is good enough for Aloe Vera to grow. Infrequent watering can help the plant as watering often tends to have adverse effects on the plant, it can cause rot which is not a good sign. This is so because desert plants can hold enough water on their own both in the summer and even in the cold seasons. Aloe vera plant grows and thrives to its best on dry sandy soil. 

 

Fertilizers

A mix of garden soil and compost is necessary for the healthy growth process of aloe vera plants.People also grow in peat moss pear light mixture or coco peat or even clay mixed with sand 50% is also not bad to grow this plant. Basically in all kind of soil we can grow this plant. 

 

 

Aloe Vera Planting Technique

Aloe vera can be grown form the seeds but that take huge time and effort. 

Best recommended way to grow aloe vera is from success or the young aloe plants. 

Collect a few young Aloe vera plants. Aloe vera can grow in a pot and doesn’t take much space at all. You can plant a couple of them in a single pot.
   young aloe vera plant

Now take a pot with a hole in the bottom for drainage, put a soil stopper partially covering the draining hole and fill the pot with garden soil mixed with compost.
pot with a hole at the bottom blocking the hole with a small rock      soil mixed with compost

Now plant a couple of aloe vera. Don’t forget to water them afterward. Maintaining moist soil is important and also remember over watering is bad. planting aloevera

Excess of watering may cause root rot. So water them when the they seems little dry at the top of the pot. watering aloe vera

After 3 months, check if their leaves are thick or not, if they are, that means they are full of aloe vera goodness.

aloe vera after a month     aloe vera after 2 months

 

 

Extracting juice from aloe vera leaves

The most important slice is in the middle. To extract juice, follow the steps below
1. Peel off the top and side thorn of the leaf, and peel of the middle with a sharp knife or scratch with a spoon. extracting aloe blob
2. Pour water and finally grind it.  Aloe juice is little bit bitter in taste so if you want to add flavor, you can do that. to make it more ferreting juice. it is considered very healthy.

 

3. The peeled off tops don’t go to waste as well as they can be applied on the skin to keep your skin protected against the heat.

 

Aloe Vera Hand Sanitizer

aloe vera gelhand-sanitizer

Image from Pixabay

 

Do you know you can create your own hand sanitizer with aloe vera gel inside your home?

CAUTION: ‘Home made hand sanitizers’ should always be your last resort because even usual manufactured hand sanitizers aren’t as good as frequent hand washing with soap unto 20 second. 

 

To make homemade hand sanitizers make sure you have the following ingredients first.

  1. Aloe Vera Gel or a leaf of aloe vera which you can easily find in groceries. 
  2. Rubbing Alcohol 99.9% is better  if you don’t have it above 70% is considered good to make sanitizer. Lower percentage isn’t considered very effective.
  3. Lemon Juice (optional)
  4. An empty bottle to keep the sanitizer .

 

Steps:

  1. Extract aloe vera gel from the leaves of the aloe vera plant gently and grind it in mixture. 
  2. Mix two-thirds rubbing alcohol with one-third aloe vera gel.
  3. Finally at least drop a minimum of ten drops of lemon juice or any oil fragrance (optional).
  4. Mix the solution well and pour it inside a spray bottle. 
  5. The homemade sanitizer is ready, its that simple and quick. 

 

Aloe vera gel Health Benefits

1. Helps in digestion of food,  lose weight
4. Reduces cholesterol level
5. Removes toxin from the body
6. Strengthens immune system
7. Maintains your blood pressure
8. Stabilizes your blood sugar level

 

Aloe vera and your skin

Aloe vera is not only good for your body but has immediate effects on your skin. Consistent use of aloe can give following benefits. 
1. It can reduce stretch marks.
2. Remove wrinkles
3. It can also be used as a moisturizer by keeping your skin hydrated all the time.

 

Nutritional Facts

  • Aloe vera contains various vitamins A, C, E and B12.
  • It is enriched with different 8 enzymes.
  • Aloe vera provides calcium, copper, zinc, potassium and sodium.
  • Aloe vera also provides glucose and fructose.
  • Laxatives i.e antivirals & antibacterials are constituents of Aloe vera gel.
  • It provides different fatty and amino acids essential for the human body.

 

Interesting Fun Facts

  • Egypt’s Queen Cleopatra use to apply aloe vera gel to her body as part for enrichment of her beauty.
  • Aloe vera is considered a family member of the lily plant.
  • Aloe vera can live and even bloom without soil.
  • During the ancient period, It is used as a medicine to treat wounds and burns.
  • Aloe vera can help with speeding up hair growth as well as it can reduce hair dandruff.
  • It can survive for more than 100 years in a wild environment.

 

Please check the following video for growing Aloe vera plant at home:

 

 

Learn about Marijuana plant and how to grow Marijuana plant at home in a simple way

cannabis indoor planting

The Effects of Marijuana have been misrepresented or exaggerated by peoples but there are also various benefits of Marijuana. Let’s find out what are its benefits and also learn how to grow it at your home in this article. 

Introduction

Cannabis commonly known as Marijuana plant is perhaps the most popular and widely recognizable plant all over the world. It is believed that Marijuana plants originated or native to India or Central Asia. Marijuana plant has its various uses such as medicinal, recreational and spiritual purposes. Marijuana plants have both mental and physical effects due to which they are the most commonly used illegal drug in the world though they are legal in some countries like various states in USA, Uruguay, Canada, Georgia, South Africa . It can be consumed in different methods such as Smoking, Vaporizing, Edibles, Capsules, etc. Marijuana plants can be grown both indoor and outdoor under favorable conditions. We will be learning how to grow marijuana indoor at home (for educational purpose).

Climatic Conditions

  • Marijuana plants need some favorable climatic conditions to flourish.
  • For marijuana plants to grow properly, temperature should be maintained between 24°C – 30°C.
  • If the temperature is not kept between these values it might affect the growth potential of plants.
  • Cool, dry and regions with fresh air movement are highly recommended for growing Marijuana plants.
  • Optimal humidity must be labeled 40%RH-60%RH. Irrigation and Watering must be done adequately.

 

Specialties

  • Marijauna plant is a dioecious plant i.e. it is either male or female plant species.
  •    Male Plant produce flower
  •  Female Marijuana plant
  • Cross fertilization takes place in Marijauna plant.
  • Generally, these plants grow tall reaching upto 4 meters.
  • Marijauna plant can also be grown indoors through the use of hydroculture.
  • It also has the potential of Vegatative Propagation.

 

Soil Type

The cannabis plant needs dry, and loose soil. The combination of normal soil, coco peat and perlite combination is perfect for the healthy growth of the plant. The coco peat can hold the water 2x its weight thus making it ideal for growing plants. The perlite is used for making the soil much more loose and dry.

cocopeat, perlite soil compositionCocopeat and pear light mix as a growing medium 

Planting Techniques

The plan takes around 6 to 8 months to fully grow from seeds

Get a few cannabis seeds and soak in the bowl of water for a day.cannabis seeds soaked in water

 

After that transfer them onto a paper towel. Spray some water to keep the towel moist. This will enhance sprouting. 

cannabis seeds wrapped in paper towel

 

Wrap the paper towel so it can nicely fit inside a zip lock bag. Make sure the seeds don’t move around during germination and keep the paper towel moist if they seem dry.

cannabis seeds in zip lock bag

 

Check the seeds regularly, around a week and a half, you can see the seeds beginning to sprout i.e the cannabis seeds now can be transferred into a pot or container for further growth.

cannabis seeds sprouting on a paper towel cannabis seeds sprouting

 

Plant the seeds root first in the pot filled with growing medium, dry soil and spray some water. The pot should also contain holes at the bottom for drainage.

planting cannabis

 

With infrequent watering, you can see the plant growing after a couple of weeks. Make sure the environment is clean and sanitized. The cannabis plant is incredibly vulnerable to pests and diseases at this stage. They also begin to develop small leaves.

early stage cannabis plants

 

Within 4-5 months, you can observe the plant is growing massive in size. This is normal behavior for this plant. At this stage, the plant needs a lot of water to continue growing. Make sure to transplant the plant into a bigger pot if the pot begins to show weakness against the plant’s size.

2-3 months old cannabis

Everything from temperature, air humidity and lights must be maintained at this stage for the plant’s optimal growth and the yield.

Finally between 6-8 months, the plant reaches its final Stage. You can check the sex of the plant by investigating the nodes ( the point from which the branch extends fro the stem). Male plants have pollen sacs while the females have a stigma to catch the pollen.

For optimal harvest make sure the male plants don’t pollinate, so the females can grow strong and big. Separate them if you must.

Planting Strategies

Opt for a large cool, dry area for growing cannabis, a tent can be used for small production. Make sure the area is clean, sanitized, and has enough room for the lights, fan and the plants to grow especially when they are grown indoors. These plants can grow twice their size during their younger period of growth. 

indoor cannabis planting process

 

These plants needs to be under constant observation, and maintain everything from temperature, air to the lights.

If you are planning to plant them indoors, they can be grown in a large container that can handle the plant’s size. The container must contain holes for optimum drainage. 

Either LED or HID grow lamps can be used for lighting. LED lamps run on lower temperature, produce better yield compared to HID grow lamps, however, they’re much more expensive.

cannabis indoor planting

 

These plants need a lot of air, thus a fan needs to be constantly running by their side.

fan

Using Liquid Fertilizers

Indoor growing is challenging. Maintaining temperature, light condition and water is very crucial for best yield from this plant.  Below are the list of general hydroponics for indoor gardening. One should use the composition of the hydroponics according to the age of the plant.

Floral Grow

Floral Bloom

Cal Mag (Calcium & Magnesium)

Floral Micron nutrients

 

 

 

Both the lights and the temperature should be automated. Make sure not to stress the plant by giving too much of light or hydroponics nutrients. In general 12-16 hours of light is ok in the beginning. But during the flowering stage only 8-10 hours of light is better fo max yield. 

Distinguishing Sex

The cannabis plant can be distinguished into Male plant and Female Plant. You should always focus on the growth of the female cannabis plant, because that is where all the money is. So how do you distinguish between them, we will show you how

 

The Male plants have pollen sacs at the nodes. The nodes are the points from which the branch extends from the stem.

make cannabis plant

Male Cannabis Plant

On the other hand, Female cannabis plants have stigma at the nodes. These stigmas are there for to catch pollen grains from the male cannabis plants.

cannabis plant

The real reason why female and male cannabis plants must be separated is that pollination can hamper the growth of the female plant. So if the male plants do get pruned or separated, the female plants can grow much larger in size. the yield becomes much better.

Pests and diseases

The cannabis plant is vulnerable to pests and diseases at an early stage. The fungus is a common pest for plants, so make sure to keep the surrounding area clean. If the fungus does appear, you can prune them.

cannabis fungus

 

Health Benefits

Recently many countries has legalized medical marijuana. Some of its benefits are :

  • Marijuana plants are considered as relief of chronic pain.
  • It helps to reduce the weight of the human body significantly.
  • Diabetes can be regulated or prevented.
  • It helps to fight cancer.
  • Depression, anxiety and stress can be reduced.
  • These plants deal with the pain of arthritis.

 

Health Risks

  • Mental health problems can occur due to excessive use of Marijuana.
  • The use of Marijuana is likely to increase the risk of psychosis and schizophrenia.
  • Growth of testicular cancer is likely to occur.
  • Chances of addiction towards it are increased.
  • It causes a “high” or stoned feeling.
  • Consumption of Marijuana increases the heart rate as well as makes an impact on breathing.

Interesting Fun Facts

  • Legalizing Marijuana would generate $8.7 billion in federal and state tax revenue per year.
  • It is considered a drug in North Korea.
  • Worldwide, California was the first U.S state to ban Marijuana.
  • Uruguay became the first country to make it legal to grow, consume and sell Marijuana in the world.
  • It is rumored that World’s popular poet William Shakespeare may have smoked Marijuana.
  • First-ever E-commerce transaction was Marijuana.

 

Check video for growing Marijuana at home:

 

 

Chia seeds are considered as one of the most healthy diet on earth. Lets check some of  its striking benefit : 

– loaded with antioxidants,

– excellent booster of digestion,

– great boon for loosing weight,

– promote healthy heart and strong bones.

There are number of benefits also. Since chia has these benefits so why don’t we have this plant at home. Its fun growing them also so lets learn how to grow this plant at home.

Introduction

Mexican Chia or Salba Chia commonly known as Chia is one of the species of flowering plants in the mint family. Chia is grown and consumed commercially in different countries like Mexico,  Bolivia, Argentina, Ecuador, Nicaragua, and Australia. Chia seeds are considered as one of the healthiest foods in the world. Health-conscious people from all over the world consume it. Chia seeds originated from Mexico. Chia seeds are cultivated on a small scale within central Mexico and Guatemala.

Chia seeds

Climatic Conditions requirement for chia plants

  • They are hardy to zone 11 i.e. these plants can withstand up to the minimum temperature of 10℃.
  • Cold winter can halt the growth of flowers and thus the seeds.
  • Growth of Chia seeds is not possible in very low altitude places.
  • The Recommended temperature to grow Chia seeds is 15 – 30 degrees Celsius.
  • Frost is strictly forbidden for the growth of Chia seeds.
  • Chia is planted in May or June and harvested in October.

Soil Type and fertilizer usage for chia plants

  • Chia plant seeds can grow in drained soil, loamy soil or sandy soil. 
  • Moisturized soil is preferred for growing Chia plants.
  • Generally, seeds are planted into a fully tilled seedbed.
  • It can be cultivated under lower fertilizer usage i.e using 89 lb per acre or even with no fertilizer usage.

Planting Technique of chia seeds

  1. Grab a handful of Chia seeds, and soak them in water for a day. They sprout rapidly.
    rinsing chia seeds with water
  2. Now grab some normal soil and put it in a plastic box.putting soil in a plastic bucket
  3. Take a plastic tray and poke some holes on the bottom for drainage purposes.
    poking holes on the bottom
  4. Put a moist paper towel in the plastic tray and then spread some of the chia seeds on it. This arrangement is for harvesting chia sprouts.
    pouring chia seeds in the plastic tray
  5. Don’t forget to put some of them in the bucket with some normal soil for later transplanting into garden. spreading chia seeds on the soil
  6. Wrap both the trays with the plastic for preserving moisture and speeding the sprouting process..covering up with plastic wrapper
  7. After a few days, you can see the seeds sprouting and leaves coming out.chia seeds after 5 days chia seeds on another tray
  8. Water them frequently and finally, after a month, transplant them onto the ground. transplating chia seeds
  9. chia seeds after 35 daysThey have a bushy structure and can grow unto 6ft tall.

 

  

Health Benefits

  • They can aid the digestion of food.
  • They are excellent sources for Essential Fatty Acids like Omega-3 fatty acids which is beneficial for Brain.
  • Chia seeds are loaded with Antioxidants that helps to maintain your skin in good condition by removing free radicals produced in your skin. 
  • They are rich in protein source. 1 oz (28.6 grams of chia has  4.7grams of health protein for the body. 
  • They are very helpful in preventing heart disease. 

Specialties

  • Chia plants are much easier to grow.
  • It is a great energy source for the human body.
  • Chia plants can self pollinate.
  • They are not vulnerable to any kind of pests and diseases.
  • Chia plants reach can reach a height of a little more than 6 feet at maturity.
  • Chia seeds are  found to be small flattened oval in shape.

Nutrition Facts

2 teaspoon of Chia Seeds contain:

  • 10gm fiber (for better digestion)
  • 5.6gm protein (for muscles )
  • High Omega 3 (for better brain development and memory)
  • High Calcium (stronger bones)
  • And several other vitamins and minerals (for better function of whole body)

Interesting Fun Facts

  • It is also known as a “fire following” plant i.e they are the first plant to appear after a massive forest fire.
  • The Average weight of a Chia seed is 0.020 grams.
  • Chia seeds can absorb up to 9 times their weight in water.
  • They are also used to make a great snack bar.
  • Chia seeds are believed to be cultivated during the 16th century.
  • They are gluten-free.

 

Check video for growing the Chia seeds at home:

Introduction

Do you know that Kiwifruit contain vitamin C twice then that of oranges? Do you also know that Kiwi fruit exceeds all the fruits per gram in content of vitamins and fibers? IF you don’t know they both are true. So if this fruit have these all benefits let’s know about kiwifruit and have our own plant at home.

Kiwi fruit commonly known as kiwi or Chinese gooseberry are small fruits that are enriched with a lot of flavor as well as health benefits. Kiwifruit originated as well as found widely in China. Kiwifruit is grown in New Zealand and California for commercial purposes. Generally they are found slightly acidic as well as unique in taste and can be consumed raw or by cooking. Kiwifruit are grown in most temperate climates. The whole fruit, including the skin of Kiwifruit is good for human health. They can be grown all over the seasons. Generally, they are grown in California from November to May, and in New Zealand from June to October.

 

Climatic Conditions

Kiwi fruit is generally grown in regions with adequate summer heat. Kiwi fruit will grow and thrive in any climate that can have at least a month of below 7 degree Celsius in winter. A frost-free season is required for kiwifruit to harvest. Kiwi fruit requires frequent irrigation or rainfall to grow well due to which they can be grown in areas with heavy rainfall. Kiwifruit grows well in hot summer areas with maximum temperatures up to 45 degree Celsius.

 

Specialties

  • Kiwifruit is one of the top sources of Lutein.
  • Its size is about the size of a large hen’s egg.
  • This fruit has a fuzzy brown skin which covers attractive green flesh filled with small, black edible seeds.
  • Kiwifruit will continue to ripen after it’s harvested.

Growing Techniques

Hardy kiwi cultivars are generally recommended for cooler zones, however, Hayward Kiwi is the main variety produced around the world.

  • Place around 50 to 60 seeds on a paper towel and fold it so it can fit nicely inside an airtight plastic or zip lock bag in a warm spot and ensure that the seeds don’t move during germination.

 Kiwifruit seeds

 

  • Make sure to keep the towel moist if it seems dry until the seeds sprout.
  • After 9-10 days, you can see roots coming out of those seeds.
  • Within 15-16 days, the roots have grown long enough, so that these seeds can be transplanted into different plastic cups or pots with soil. (Tip: You can actually tear off the paper with at least 3 or 4 seeds and plant in soil.)
  • Kiwi plants prefer little acidic soil. For our home purpose we can start with normal garden soil 50% and compost50% , or peat moss pear light or coco peat also.
  • Soil should be moist and well draining type for best growth of the plant
  • Place another plastic cup on top of it to recreate the green-house effect. Make sure they are placed in fully sunlit areas.

  • Water it regularly, and keep them in a pot for at least 7 months. After that, they can be shipped onto the actual field. (Tip: Make sure you dig a hole twice the size of the actual root base.)
  • Kiwi plants need adequate space for them to grow properly.
  •   Kiwi farming in hills.  They are vine plants, so vertical structures provide excellent sturdiness and maximum yield.

 

  •    Yummy fruits

 

Health Benefits

These kiwi fruits are small in size, however, they pack an incredible amount of nutrients. These nutrients can have a lot of benefits and some of them are as follows:

    1. Improve immune system
    2. It can also help treat people with Asthma.
    3. Kiwi fruits can help aid digestion problems.
    4. Kiwi fruits are much better than apples with regards to managing blood pressure.
    5. It can also help prevent vision loss problems.

Interesting Fun Facts

  1. kiwifruit contain Vitamin C two times more than that of oranges.
  2. Kiwi fruit exceeds all the fruits per gram in content of vitamins and fibers
  3. Kiwifruits are great for Pregnant Women.
  4. Kiwifruits are initially called Chinese gooseberries.
  5. New Zealanders renamed it into “Kiwifruits” due to similarities in appearance with their national bird kiwi.
  6. Kiwi plant can survive more than 50 years.
  7. Over 1 Million tons of kiwifruit are produced every year throughout the world.

 

Please check the following video for growing kiwi plant at home:

 

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