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Fun & Facts

Fun and Facts...


Rambutan, a unique fruits, might be the ones many might not have even heard of. But, those who gets its taste and knows its benefits; they find this fruits as one of the best fruit species. 

Let’s explore about this highly beneficial and nutritious species and learn how to grow them at your own backyards.



Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum) is an exotic sweet fruit found in Southeast Asia. Appearance-wise they are red golf-sized fruits with lots of hair on its surface. From inside they are just like lychee fruits i.e. white sweet flesh with seed in middle. 

This fruit got its name from the Malay word in which rambutan means hairs. This name was originated from Indonesia and has the tag for a superfood as well.


The tree of rambutan can grow up to the height of 80 feet. They are found in different tropical regions like Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, etc.

From a health perspective, rambutan fruits are very rich in nutrients and antioxidants. This fruit has got lots of nutritional values with low calorie and has various diseases fighting elements.

Consuming 5-6 rambutan fruits daily will help you to improve your immune system, removes unnecessary fat, and allow a healthy digestion system.


Difference between Rambutan and Lychee

Many people think that rambutan and lychee are the same fruits. Although they belong to the same family from appearance-wise and taste-wise both of them are completely different fruits.

Rambutan is slightly bigger than the lychee and has a sweet, creamier, and rich taste. But, lychee has a slightly crispier and floral taste.

Apart from this, rambutan has many nutritional benefits and is believed to be healthier than lychee. Hence, many fruit experts prefer rambutan fruits rather than lychee.


Varieties of Rambutan

  • Lebakbooloos
  • Seematjan
  • Seenjonja
  • Maharlika
  • Sectangkooweh
  • Seelengkeng
  • Seekonto


How to Grow Rambutan fruits

In order to grow rambutan fruits, a gardener should consider the quality of the soil, appropriate temperature, climate, water, and fertilizers. If you have proper knowledge of these things then it will be easy for you to grow rambutan fruits. For the first 2 years, you need to grow rambutan in a pot before migrating it towards the mainland.

Rambutan can be grown at an altitude of 1800-2000 feet from the sea level. The best time to grow the rambutan plant is between June to November. Also if the temperature and the soil quality are maintained then you can grow this plant in any part of the world.

The following are the steps that will help you to grow the rambutan fruit:

  • Take a fresh rambutan fruit, extract the seed from the plant, and clean the seed.




  • Take a well-drained pot, fill it with organic soil and then plant the seed in the pot. The depth of the soil should be 2-3 meters. Do not use a plastic pot, use a ceramic pot with having a drainage hole.

  • A good drainage system is very necessary for a tropical plant so use soil that can offer a good drainage system. To enable a good drainage system you can fill the pot with organic soil amended with peat moss and sand. You can also use loam soil for growing rambutan plant.


  • It will take about 10-21 days for the seed to germinate.
  • Place the pot near a bright window or under indirect sunlight. For the first 2 years, the rambutan plant doesn’t require direct sunlight. Once the plant becomes mature and planted outside on the mainland then it will require direct sunlight for 8-10 hours.

  • After 2 years the rambutan plant will grow up to 1 foot in height. At this time you can propagate your plant to the main field.

  • Rambutan fruits will be ready to be harvested after 5 years. Once the fruit color change to red then you can pick the fruit from the tree.


The Requirement for Growing Rambutan Fruits

  • Rambutan is a tropical plant so the ideal temperature requires for the growth of rambutan is 27-30 °C. You can grow this plant in any tropical or subtropical regions.
  • For the propagation of this plant, you need a well fertilize the land. The pit should be 3 feet deep and should have a balanced mixture of soil and manure.
  • If you are planting multiple rambutans trees then the distance between two trees should be 40 feet apart.
  • For the fertilizer, you can use organic manure, or a mixture of urea, potassium, and potash.
  • You can make homemade natural fertilizer by using cow dunk, neem cake, and compost manure.
  • For the first three years fertilize the plant once a year and after that, you can use fertilizer every six months.
  • Rambutan plant doesn’t require much water. So do not water rambutan plants frequently.
  • It will be a good idea to trim the branches once the tree reaches a height of 10 feet so that the birds cannot make a nest in the tree.


How to eat Rambutan fruits

Rambutan are delicate fruits so it’s better to consume within 2-3 days as it doesn’t last fresh more than that at normal room temperature.

The white flesh part of rambutan is edible and to get to that white part you need to peel the outside hairy surface of the rambutan. Either you can peel it with your hand or can use a knife to cut it open. After removing the surface you need to remove the seed as well and then you can have it.

It is better to avoid eating seeds and peel of rambutan as they contain some amount of toxic components so they are unsafe for your health.


Nutritional Value of Rambutan

From each 100g of rambutan fruits you will be getting the following nutritional values:

Protein: 1.0g

Cholesterol: 0.0mg

Fat: 0.1g

Thiamin: 0.01mg

Vitamin C: 7.4mg

Sodium: 16.5mg

Potassium: 63.0mg

Calcium: 33.0mg

Vitamin A: 4.5IU

Iron: 0.5mg


Health Benefits of Rambutan fruits

  • They are a very good source of Vitamin C. Vitamin C helps to produce white blood cell in our body which help to increase the immune system and fight against different diseases.
  • It provides about 2g of fiber in every 100g rambutan fruit. It also provides some copper that will help to improve cell growth.
  • It helps to remove the unwanted body fats.
  • From a study, it is seen that the extract of rambutan fruit can help to protect your heart from various heart diseases by reducing high cholesterol, and triglyceride levels. It helps to fight various heart diseases.
  • Rambutan has got anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties. This fruit contains antioxidants that help to fight against cancer.
  • Rambutan contains water that helps to hydrate the body’s skin and makes your skin soft.
  • They are also a good source of iron.
  • Rambutan contains fibers and half of the fibers are insoluble which helps in intestinal transit acceleration and thus promotes healthy digestion.


Health Benefits of Rambutan leaves

  • The leaves of rambutan can be used as herbal medicine to provide nutrition and maintain the good health of your scalp.
  • It helps to strengthen hair roots and prevents hair loss.
  • The leaves are also used for preparing herbal natural black dye.
  • It is also believed that the brew of leaves can be used as an alternative medicine for diabetes.
  • The paste of rambutan leaves acts as a good pain killer.
  • The leaves of rambutan are also used to control fever, solve digestion problems, diarrhea, reduction of blood cholesterol, and many more.


Rambutan fruits fun facts

  • In every season rambutan trees can produce up to 6000 fruits.
  • Cooking oil can be extracted from the seed of rambutan.
  • After planting rambutan, it will start to produce fruits within 5-6 years.
  • A paste made from the leaves of rambutan helps to nourish your hair.
  • There are more than 150 species of rambutan plants.
  • Rambutan trees can survive for more than 20 years.
  • The height of rambutan trees can grow up to a height of 66 feet.



I hope you have enjoyed reading this article and gain some good information regarding the rambutan fruits and its health benefits. Have you ever tasted this sweet fruit? If not then you can get this fruit from your nearest Asian market.

How do you feel about this article? Your comments are highly valued and will be considered for our improvements. Hence, please feel free to comments your views and suggestion regarding this particular post & how we could provide you with better information too.

We (Learn-Agro) team will be back soon with a more informative and interesting post. Till then “Happy reading” and enjoy your time.

People nowadays are suffering from all sorts of  skin diseases which is very harsh to get rid off. So, in an attempt to  get rid of these extremely irritating skin problems they are using countless chemical remedies which may cause adverse side effects in the long run. What if we could have remedies with minimal to nil side effects and yet extremely effective as well? Herb based remedies can be an excellent solution without any side effects. 

Hence, let’s discuss about top 8 plants effective to cure various acute as well as chronic skin disease. 



In this modern world full of pollution and chemicals, skin disease are now occurring more than ever before. Recent studies have repeatedly shown skin diseases as one of the major health issues affecting people from all age groups  from neonates and infants to elderly people.

It  has become extremely difficult to maintain good skin health in modern world due to multiple causes including nutrition, pollution, chemicals and much more. Even minor skin problems can make you irritated and extremely moody and affect your life & efficiency in ways you’ve never thought before. So, this article is for those who want ever-glowing healthy skin without any harmful effects in long run. 



Skin disease is one of the most frequently occurring diseases in all age groups of people. There are thousands of conditions affecting the  skin or even more. However the most common diseases includes:

  • Rashes like Acne, dermatitis, eczema, hives, pityriasis, rosea and psoriasis.
  • Bacterial infections. Eg, Folliculitis, cellulitis
  • Viral infections . Eg, Herpes, Warts. chicken pox, etc.
  • Fungal infections like  Ringworm, Athlete’s foot and jock itch
  • Parasitic infections
  • Pigmentation disorders
  • Tumors  and cancer
  • Trauma like burns, boils and cuts



To get you started on your healthy and ever glowing skin journey, here are  Top 8 plants recommended for curing your skin disorders:


1. Aloe-Vera((Aloe Barbadensis)

Aloe-Vera commonly known as Barbados aloe or Aloe is one of the best herbal remedy for a large number of skin diseases since ancient times. The active components of aloe  includes Aloesin, Aloeemodin, Acemannan, Aloeride, Methylchromones, flavonoids, saponin, amino acids, vitamins, and minerals which are found in the gel of the aloe leaves. The polysaccharides forms a protective gel when applied in the skin. 


Properties :  Anti-inflammatory, Antioxidant, Antimicrobial, Anticancer, Immune boosting and Hypoglycemic 

How To Use

  • Take whole or a part of an aloe leaf and slice it into two exposing the gel.
  • Apply the gel firmly over the affected areas .
  • It has been found effective for almost all kind of skin problems. However, it is evident to be best for acne, psoriasis, inflamed skin, burns. boils and eczematous dry and flaky skins and various kinds of microbial infections.


2. Turmeric(Curcuma Longa L.)

Turmeric also called kurkum is one of the most common ingredient in Asian cooking and has a bright yellow dye property imparting yellow color to the foods. It has been recorded as one of the best medicines in Sidhha medicine common in Asian regions. The  active  chemical constituents includes a group of compounds called curcuminoids [curcumin (diferuloylmethane), demethoxycurcumin, and bisdemethoxycurcumin]. 

Properties: Antioxidant, Anti-inflammatory, Antiviral, Antibacterial and Antiseptic

How To Use

  • Take few pinches of turmeric powder in a small bowl and add few drops of water in it and mix ge3ntly
  • Apply the paste in the affected areas.
  • It is found to be effective against many skin diseases and conditions such as eczema, chicken pox, shingles, allergy, scabies, burns, wounds and cuts. It can also stop bleeding from the cuts and prevent any kind of microbial infection.


3. Oats (Avena Sativa

Surprisingly, oats commonly taken as cereal for breakfast in our day to day lives is an another excellent plant that can be used to cure various minor skin problems. The compounds called Avenanthramides present in oats  are powerful Anti-inflammatory agents and also excellent Anti-oxidants. Colloidal form of oats are centuries old skin remedies for various skin disorders like skin rashes, burns, itches and eczema.

PropertiesAnti-inflammatory and Anti-oxidant

How To Use

  • Take grinded whole oat grain in a small bowl and mix it with  about 5 to 7 ml water to make colloidal mixture 
  • Apply the colloid as skin lotion over the areas of interest. 
  • It will soothe skin redness, dryness, scaling, roughness and itching intensity and help alleviate various skin problems like skin rashes, eczema, burns and other inflammatory conditions.


4. Chamomile(Matricaria Recutita)

Chamomile, also called Daisy or Babunaj is a well known medicinal herb i.e. used for a variety of healing purposes. It helps in regeneration of skin cells and works as an antioxidant, helping to prevent free radical damage on the skin. The dried flowers contain many terpenoids(Bisabolol, Matricin, Chamazulene)and flavonoids (Apigenin, Luteolin) which is responsible for its medicinal properties.

Properties:  Antibacterial, Anti-fungal, Anti-inflammatory and Antiseptic

How To Use

  • Essential oils and dried flower extracts are available in the market.
  • Take a dried flower and boil it in water to make tea. Let it cool and apply the tea firmly over the affected areas 
  • It is found to be efficient in wound healing and skin inflammatory conditions and therefore, used in various skin allergies, atopic dermatitis and eczema.
  • Various studies has shown it to be even more effective than Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory Drugs(NS-AIDS).


5. Neem ( Azadirachta indica)

Neem was considered extremely useful in the treatment of various kinds of skin diseases since ancient times. Being one of the most important plant in eastern ancient medicine, the plant is a boon for people even with chronic skin conditions. The most important active constituent is Azadirachtin and the others are Nimbolinin, Nimbin, Nimbidin, Nimbidol, Gedunin, Salannin, and Quercetin. It is claimed to be capable of healing all kinds of skin conditions according to Hindu scriptures and various researches conducted are in line to this claim as well.

Properties: Antibacterial, Antiviral, Anti-parasitic, Anti-inflammatory, Anticarcinogenic, Antioxidant and Immune upregulation

How To Use

  • Neem leaves can also be eaten directly to cure chronic cases of skin diseases. However, it should be kept in mind that high consumption of neem can cause low sperm count and infertility in males.
  • Boil the neem in water for about 20 minutes and let it cool. Either drink it in an empty stomach or bathe the affected areas with it.
  • Commercially available extracts can also be applied topically over affected areas. 


6. Cannabis( Cannabis sativus)

Cannabis (Ganja, charas or Weed or Marijuana) is a plant well known for it’s intoxication related uses i.e. an excellent skin disease remedy as well. The Cannabinoids  present in the plant is responsible for its medicinal as well as the psychoactive effect. It has been found effective for the treatment of eczema and  skin diseases like dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis/cradle cap,  psoriasis, lichen planus, acne and roseacea.

Properties: Anti-Inflammatory, Wound healing, Analgesic, Antifungal, Antiviral and Antimicrobial

How To Use

  • Take fresh cannabis leaves and crush them in a small bowl. Apply the crushed leaves directly in the affected areas to relieve pain and itchiness of various skin diseases.
  • Dry the leaves and turn it into powder after it has dried well. Use it as a dressing for wounds and sores.  
  • Commercially available extracted essential oils can be taken and applied over the skin which helps to strengthen the skin and  resist microbial infections.


7. Garlic ( Allium sativum)

Garlic is another commonly used ingredient in Asian cooking. The regular use of garlic in Asian cooking may be because of its various kinds of health benefits. One of it’s most important medicinal use is in the treatment of skin diseases. The active component of garlic, Allicin, is found to be effective against various kinds of chronic and acute skin conditions.


Properties: Antibacterial , Antifungal, Antiviral, Anti-inflammatory, Anti-ageing and Antiseptic properties

How To Use

  • Take a whole garlic, Peel 2 to 3   cloves  and take it in a  bowl.
  • Either ingest it  directly in an empty stomach to get long term benefits or Crush the peels to make a paste. 
  • Apply the paste of garlic over the affected areas of  skin for immediate relief.
  • It has been found effective against acne, ageing or wrinkles, various microbial infections, itching, irritation, rashes and dry flaky skin.


8. Liquorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra)

Licorice root and leaves have been used for centuries in traditional medicine and skin care regimens. It’s sweet aroma has made it popular as a perfume too. Glycyrrhizin,a saponin is  the medically active ingredient with medicinal properties in the plant. It is effective against various skin conditions including chronic contact dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis and psoriasis. It’s extract has been effective for comforting patients of rosacea as well.


Properties: Anti-oxidant, Anti-inflammatory and Antimicrobial

How To Use

  • Take few licorice roots and clean them properly to get rid of fibers and soils around the root.
  • Cut the root into small pieces and crush them.
  • Boil it along with fresh leaves and drink the tea to promote overall skin health along with various other benefits.
  • Fresh  leaves can also be directly applied over the affected areas of skin .




All of us have witness several varieties of fruits in our daily life. But, if we start exploring fruits around the world; we will certainly found some uncommon and crazy fruit species that we might not have ever seen or even heard of. These types of fruits (strange fruits) are mostly specific to certain countries only and are also very rare.

Let’s try to generate some interesting facts and information on this fascinating topics i.e. strangest fruit that you had barely heard of.



  • Crazy fruits could be very hard to take up the market as people are unaware about it.
  • They might be very rare and still many of them species are unknown to the world.
  • Major reason behind these crazy fruits are:
  1. Climate
  2. Soil
  3. Other environmental factors
  4. crossbreeding and interbreeding in fruit species. 
  • These fruit might look intimidating on the very first sight.
  • These fruits might also possess multiple benefits that you are not aware of.



To get you started, here are top 10 bizarre fruits that people consume but are very less known:

1. Monstera deliciosa (Swiss cheese plant)

Swiss cheese plant (Fruit salad plant) is a native fruit species of Mexico which tastes like combination of different fruits such as banana, mango, guava, passionfruit and pineapple on maturation. The fruit of this species takes at least 10 months to ripe and resemble an ear of corn. 

Courtesy: Randy’s Tropical Plants and Simple Gardening 

But, be careful not to consume unripe fruits as it may cause severe throat and skin irritation. Unripe fruits of this crazy fruit are choke full of oxalic acid (used for bleaching wood and cleaning rust off metals). It is used to make jam too. High intake of pulp of this fruit also have laxative effect.

Note: If the fruits contains sections with scale that has not dropped or tore out then the fruits are still dangerous to consume and hence, need more time to reach maturity.


2. Physalis (Golden Berries)

Cape gooseberries (Inca berry) is a fruit species native to Peru. It is found in South America since back to Inca empire. Golden berries are bright, orange-colored fruits like a tomatoes; so called ground tomatoes too. This fruit is actually incorporated in beautiful heart shaped papery husk.

They are found to do well in warmer climates. They are rich in calories, fiber, beta-carotene, lutein, anti-oxidants and vitamin K along with little calcium. Besides sweet and sour fruits they possess multiple health benefits too such as protection against free radicals, blockage of growth of cancer-causing cells, boost immunity, reduce inflammation and improve bone health too.  


3. Star Fruit (Carambola) 

Carambola are sweet and sour fruit species native to tropical South-East Asia and resemble the shape of 5-point star. The ripe carambola fruit is light yellow in color with slightly brown ridges, The smaller green colored fruits are sour and usually not preferred to eat.


Although its quite strange fruit; it is loaded with uncountable nutrients (Vitamin A, B &C), minerals (zinc, phosphorous, magnesium, iron, etc.), dietary fiber and antioxidant (Quercetin, gallic acid, and epicatechin). So, this fruit possess multiple health benefits too such as preventing skin disorder, improving heart health, promoting weight loss, regulating blood pressure, boosting digestion, etc. 


4. Feijoa (Acca sellowiana)

Feijoa (Pinapple guava/ guavasteen) is a small evergreen tree native to southern Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and parts of Argentina. Small elliptical fruit and flower of Feijoa is edible. 

According to multiple research source; this fruit is packed with full of healthy nutrients (Fiber, Vitamin C, folic acid, potassium, magnesium and vitamins). They are also fantastic for pregnant woman too. Skin of this fruit is rich in Vitamin C than flesh. Besides these, its leaves, fruits and seed also possesses antibacterial and antibiotic properties.  


5. African Horned Melon (Cucumis metuliferus)

African horned melon or kiwano melon is a fantastic fruit species native to central and southern regions of Africa. The ripe fruit of Kiwano has orange skin and lime-green jelly like juicy flesh whose texture is similar to passionfruit and pomegranate.

These species is mainly comprised of water, and is relatively low in calories, carbs and fats. About 18% of its calories using is from the protein. This species is great source of antioxidants too that reduce oxidative stress. It possess multiple health benefits such as promoting healthy red blood cells, controlling blood sugar, promoting heart health, keeping the body hydrated and improving mood.  


6. Akebia

Akebia is an invasive shrub species native to eastern Asia, eastern central China, Japan and Korea. Akebia is a cylindrical to oblong fruit that hangs from trailing vines. It is a delicious sweet tasting fruits consumed in large amount in china.

Bitter skin of the fruit could be used after frying. Young shoots are used in salads or salt pickling. Fruits are also used to make vines. The oil could be extracted from its seed. Oil is basically used to make soaps and also as vegetable oils. These seeds are also edible on raw. A 70 gm of the fruit generally contains 57 calories and 46mg of vitamin C. 


7. Water Apple/ Watery Rose Apple (Syzygium aqueum)

Water apple is a delicious fruit native to South East Asian countries and certain tropical regions of India. It is specially known for its thirst-quenching properties and health-related benefits. They prefer rich moisturized soil of wet, warm and humid climatic conditions.

The nutrient status of ripe and unripe fruit including leaves of this species is quite impressive. This fruits is low in calories and saturated fats thus, recommended for weight loss. Dietary fiber present aids in digestion. Besides this, it is also preferred for improving heart health (no cholesterol) and vision (Vitamin A) & boosting immune system (Vitamin C). 


8. Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana)

Mangosteen is a tropical tree native to South east Asia that produces tart-sweet fruit. The major problem with this species is that it takes 5 years to reach maturity; but once it mature it will provide us with amazing fruits. Fruit of this species is highly juicy with delicate texture and astringent flavor. They could be consumed in different forms i.e. fried, canned or dried.

This species is rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants (Vitamin C, folate and xanthones) which makes it healthy fruit species with multiple health related benefits such as anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer and anti-diabetic properties, neutralizing free radicals, promoting weight loss, preventing skin disorder, boosting immune system, etc.


9. Durian (Durio)

This large, spiky, greenish-brown fruit is considered as “King of fruits”. The fruit produces strong odor on ripening; so, westerners sometimes compare this fruit with cheese. But this native species of Malaysia is particularly very strange to the masses around the world. This tropical species could be served either cooked or may be raw too.    

This species is rich in calories, Vitamin B and fiber. 100 gm serving provides 147 calories and 5 gm of fat. Similar serving provides 33% of recommended daily value of thiamine (Vitamin B1), 24% of vitamin B6 and 24% of vitamin C. Beside these, it is also good source of magnesium and riboflavin (vitamin B2) But its down-part is for diabetic patient as it have high sugar content. 

Interesting facts: The older the tree, it yields more fruits.


10. Salak (Salacca zalacca)

Salak is a species from palm family native to Java and Sumatra in Indonesia. At your first glance the fruit may look weird; but you will know its beauty once you consume it.  The outside of fruit of this species, known as snake fruit, is rough but the shiny, reddish-brown scaly skin is thin and easy to peel out. The inner juicy flesh with apple-like texture is yellow, white or pink in color which we consume.

This species is also a good source of vitamins, nutrients and minerals. It’s fruit contains protein, beta-carotene, vitamin C, dietary fiber, iron, calcium, phosphorous, etc. This fruit is considered to be best for heart health. One of the plus point of this fruit is they are best for young pregnant woman who experience morning sickness too.





How do you feel about this blog post (article). Do you find it interesting ? Have you ever experienced or witnessed these fruits? I hope you definitely enjoy this blog article.

Your comments are highly valued and will be considered for our improvements. Hence, please feel free to comments your views and suggestion regarding this particular post & how we could provide you with better information too.

We (Learn-Agro) team will be back soon with more informative and interesting post. Till then “Happy reading” and enjoy your time.


If you have an area (space) that can’t get enough sunlight but, you want to grow beneficial plants in that place; Don’t worry! there are many plants that do well under low light which are also perfect for the house use too.

Having a low light as well as maintenance requirements these plants are very suitable for beginners. But, do you have any idea which species are better to grow and possess greater benefits?

Let’s learn about the top 10 low-light preferring plants that are highly recommended by Learnagro.



Low light preferring plant species doesn’t mean that the plant does not require sunlight at all. As a gardener taking good care of plants is not an easy job. It is very challenging to understand how to provide a different level of care, particularly when it comes to the amount of sunlight they require. But not every plant requires the same amount of care and sunlight. Low light species prefer light intensity between 50 and 250 foot candles. These types of plants usually require fluorescent light between 10 and 15 watt per square foot of growing spaces.



The following are the top 10 beautiful plant species that you can easily grow with a minimum amount of sunlight.

1. Lucky Bamboo

Lucky Bamboo belongs to the Dracaena genus. It is not a real bamboo plant. It is just like a type of tropical water lily. Lucky bamboo plants symbolize luck, wealth, and health. It is a great décor plant for your house and office. This plant is very beautiful, and with less maintenance also, it can grow very well.

Types of Lucky Bamboo plant

  • 2 layer lucky bamboo plant
  • 3 layer lucky bamboo plant
  • 7 layer lucky bamboo plant

This plant requires slightly damp soil, indirect sunlight, and the temperature of about 65-95°F for its proper growth. So even if you leave this plant in your house and go outdoor for a couple of days, it will do fine.


  • It is easy to maintain.
  • It is a great decorative plant for your office and living room.
  • Its unique structure attracts everyone.
  • It can grow in water as well.
  • According to traditional values, this plants removes all the negative energy.


2. ZZ Plant


Courtesy: Urban Jungle

ZZ is a slow-growing tall plant with round dark green leaves that fit in every corner of the house and increases the interior beauty. It can grow up to a height of 3 feet. It is very easy plant to grow and propagate. This plant can be easily propagated by cutting or crown division.

Types of ZZ Plant

  • Raven ZZ
  • ZZ ‘Zenzi’
  • Dwarf ZZ
  • ZZ plant ‘Lucky Classic’

In order to care for the ZZ plant, it requires bright indirect sunlight and can do very well even in shady places.  This species prefer rich and well-drained soil, and it requires water when it completely dry out. Hence, it is very vital to care for the ZZ plant.


  • It removes harmful pollutants like benzene, xylene, toluene, and ethylbenzene.
  • It can do very well in both high and low light conditions.
  • It requires less water to grow.
  • It can consume CO2 even at night.
  • Its extracts are used for manufacturing antioxidants.


3. Nerve Plant

The unique leaf pattern of the nerve plant looks very attractive in your garden as well as in different corners of your house. This evergreen plant can reach up to a height of 30cm. It looks great in a pot and hanging basket as well. You can get this beautiful plant in different colors like green leaves with a white vein, red vein, and in pink vein.

Types of Nerve Plant

  • Titanic
  • Frankie
  • Red Anne
  • Pink Star
  • Purple Vein

Nerve plant is a native plant of tropical rainforest so it requires the same growing condition as in the tropical rainforest floor. It requires partial sunlight with the temperature rising from 60-80°F.


  • It has got an attractive leaf pattern.
  • It is an evergreen plant.
  • It can be found in varieties of colors.
  • It can be grown in a hanging basket as well.
  • It is able to tolerate bright light.
  • It helps to reduce the CO2 level.


4. Snake Plant

snake plant

Snake plant is one of the easiest plants that any new gardener can grow and take care of. The snake plant can be recognized by its sword-shaped evergreen leaves. They act as a great indoor as well as outside décor plants.

Types of Snake plant

  • Sansevieria trifasciata
  • Sansevieria cylindrical
  • Sansevieria masoniana
  • Laurenti

Snake plants can easily grow under partial sunlight or near the bright window. This plant does not require much care as well. It’s enough to water the plant twice a week. The ideal temperature requires for the best growth of the snake plant is above 50°F.


  • It can provide oxygen even at night time.
  • It can survive without water for a long time.
  • It removes different cancer-causing agents.
  • It is a low-maintenance plant.
  • It can absorb CO2 at night.
  • Purifies the harmful air pollutants.


5. Spider Plant

The spider plant is one of the most admirable house plants that can grow easily even with less maintenance. This plant is named as spider plant because of spider like appearance. It’s white and green striped leaves are grown long from the mother plant. placing a spider plant on your tabletop, bathroom, bedroom, or in a hanging basket add beauty to your home and offices.

Types of spider plant

  • Vittatum
  • Bonnie
  • Zebra
  • Hawaiian spider plant

Spider plants can grow in various types of conditions. The most suitable condition for its growth is indirect bright sunlight. However, it can do very well in a shady place as well. The ideal temperature requires the survival of the snake plant is between 70-90°F. It could be propagated from baby plants regenerated by mother plants.


  • It provides fresh and clean air.
  • It purifies air pollutants.
  • It is hard to kill.
  • It is a safe plant for your pets.
  • It has got an appealing look with greater aesthetic beauty.


6. Golden Pothos

green plant on white pot

If you are a type of person who frequently forgets to water their plant then golden pothos could be good option for you. Even with less care and attention the beautiful heart shape pointed leaves of golden photos increase the beauty of your house or office. The trailing vines of pothos will even look more beautiful in the hanging basket.

Types of Pothos

  • Marble Queen Pothos
  • Neon Pothos
  • Jessenia Pothos
  • Manjula Pothos

Golden pothos prefers bright indirect sunlight and requires temperature of 65-75°F. This plant can survive in both high and low humidity. It requires water when the soil is completely dry.


  • This plant helps to eliminate odours.
  • It is easy to propagate.
  • It can grow even without sunlight.
  • It is a great natural air purifier.
  • It purifies different pollutants like formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, and benzene.


7. Bird’s Nest Fern

Kadaka, Leaves, Fern, Bird'S Nest Fern, Asplenium

Bird’s Nest Fern plants are one of the oldest plant species. You can find this plant throughout Europe and the United State as an indoor house plant. This is a tropical plant and its leaves can grow up to 2-3 feet.

Types of Birds Nest Fern

  • Asplenium australasicum
  • Asplenium nidus
  • Asplenium serratum

Bird’s nest fern loves to grow in low light conditions. If it gets too much light then you can see the wrinkle on the leaves. It requires moist soil and a temperature of 70-80°F. If you want to grow this plant outdoor then make sure the humid is high.


  • It is an ornamental fern.
  • It can absorb harmful gases.
  • It is a low maintenance plant.
  • It improves the temperature and air of your house.
  • Birds nest fern is used for making cosmetic goods like skin moisturizer, wound repairing, and anti-aging.


8. Chinese Evergreen

green plant

Chinese evergreen is a highly decorative, slow-growing, and mesmerizing foliage plant. It can easily tolerate low light conditions. It has a huge narrow with glossy oval shape leaves on its short stem. This species can be grown anywhere in your house since it doesn’t require full sunlight.

Types of Chinese evergreen

  • Aglaonema modestum
  • Aglaonema nitidum
  • Siam Red-Aglaonema
  • Aglaonema- Emerald Bay
  • Aglaonema- Silver Queen

Chinese evergreen plants flourish in medium to low light conditions. So, while placing it in your home, make sure that the plant must get a warm temperature(70-75°F) and to a certain degree humid conditions but with indirect sunlight.


  • It increases room humidity.
  • They are used as medicinal plants.
  • It is easy to propagate.
  • Chinese Evergreen improves the quality of the air.
  • It filters the indoor pollutants.


9. Monstera

Image may contain: plant, flower, outdoor and nature

Courtesy: Urban Jungle

Monstera is the native plant of Central America. Monstera plant is famous for its unique heart-shaped leaves. They have got abnormal leaves i.e. holes are present all over the leaves. Its big and unique leaves make a statement piece in your living room area.

Types of Monstera

  • Monstera Dubia
  • Monstera Adonsonii
  • Monstera Obliqua
  • Mini Monstera

In order to keep this plant alive, it requires bright to medium indirect sunlight. The ideal temperature for the proper growth of the monstera is 65-85°F. Watering should be done at-least once every 1-2 weeks.


  • This plant is great for decoration.
  • This species with beautiful heart shape leaves purify the air.
  • It is beneficial for snakebite, wounds, and arthritis.
  • It brings peaceful vibes around the surrounding.


10. English ivy

Image may contain: plant and flower

Courtesy: Urban Jungle

If you want to increase the beauty of your house then English ivy would be a great option for your house. English ivy is a decorative ornamental evergreen woody vine. These plants usually cover the ground or the walls. English ivy can be planted in an outdoor also using hanging basket.

Types of English ivy

  • GoldChild
  • NeedlePoint
  • Ivalace
  • Tripod

English ivy requires indirect sunlight for 6 to 8 hours. The ideal temperature required for the growth of the English ivy is 40-70°F. Like other low maintenance plants, English ivy also does not require much water to grow.


  • English ivy has both environmental and health benefits.
  • They look good in both pot and hanging basket.
  • They are great ornamental plants that will increase the beauty of your house and garden.
  • They require less maintenance.
  • They act as an air purifier.
  • They help to maintain a good circulation of air.


11. Peace Lily 

 peace lily

The peace lily is one of the most popular indoor plants to plant inside a house or an office. They produce flowers on their central spikes up to 16 inches tall.  They have got beautiful dark leaves and white flowers that are attractive to look at while also being good at purifying the surrounding air.

Types of Peace Lilies

  • Small Peace Lily(15 inches tall)
  • Medium-size Peace Lily(3 feet tall)
  • Large Peace Lily(6 feet tall)

Peace lily doesn’t need neither much light nor water, frequent watering can be stressing for the plant. For surviving and proper growth the ideal temperature should be above 60°F and should be protected from cold and drafty windows.


  • They require less care and maintenance.
  • They can grow easily on low light and low humidity.
  • It helps to absorb acetone vapor.
  • It promotes peaceful sleep.
  • It helps to prevent the formation of mildew.
  • They are responsible for filtering xylene, toluene from your surrounding area.


12. Dracaena palm (Dragon Tree)

Dracaena palm also known as the dragon tree is an attractive indoor plant that consists of  beautiful sword-like red edge leaves. This plant can grow up to a height of 20 feet in good condition. Dracaena is usually tough carefree plants but may require care for achieving the best results and avoiding different reasons for failure to grow.

Types of Dracaena Palm

  • Dracaena Reflexa
  • Dracaena Massangean
  • Dracaena Arborea
  • Dracaena marginata

Dracaena palm grows very well during spring. It requires bright indirect sunlight but can also grow in dim light. The ideal temperature requires for proper growth of the dragon tree at 70-80°F.


  • They help to improve the quality of the air.
  • They are easy to maintain.
  • They can sustain a wide range of temperatures.
  • They help to remove the toxic chemicals like benzene, formaldehyde, carbon dioxide, and trichloroethylene.
  • They help to increase the humidity.
  • They are very good for the office and living room decoration.





Who doesn’t prefer healthy lifestyle? Although everyone wants to live a healthy life; no one is interested in following healthy dietary pattern incorporated with physical exercise. But, at-least one could include ketogenic foods in their daily diet to extract its unbelievable health-related benefits.

But the major questions lies in what are the ketogenic diet, how we could incorporate it in our daily diet plan and does this type of diet really provide us with such benefits….

Let’s explore some facts on ketogenic diet and Learn about it. 



Ketogenic diet is a very low carbs, higher fat diet similar to other low-carbs diet or Atkins diet from multiple perspectives. Protein and healthy fat consumption is preferred and carbohydrate practice is avoided in this type of diet. The reason behind the name of Ketogenic diet is that this food consumption pattern causes our body to produce small fuel molecules called Ketones. Ketones serves as a fuel source throughout the body but, most particularly to the brain.



  • Instead of utilizing sugar (glucose); this diet utilize fats.
  • Diet with low-carbs puts your body in the metabolic state called “Ketosis“.
  • This in turn make the fat from your diet and body burn incredibly (24/7 hrs.)  for energy production.
  • It also converts fat into ketones in liver, which supply energy to the brain.
  • The brain is a organ which require glucose or ketone to function smoothly.



1. Standard Ketogenic Diet (SKD)

Diet with very low amount of carbohydrate with moderate protein and high fat. This type of diet typically contains 70% fat, 20% protein and 10% carbohydrate.

2. Cyclical Ketogenic Diet (CKD)

Diet which involves certain period of higher carbohydrates plan in between ketogenic diet cycles. For instance; 2 high carbohydrate days in between 5 days of ketogenic diet.

3. Targeted Ketogenic Diet (TKD)

This type of diet involve addition or inclusion of carbohydrates during the periods of intensive physical and tiresome workouts.

4. High-protein Ketogenic Diet (HPKD)

Include more protein amount than other types of ketogenic diet. It typically contains 60% fat, 35% protein and 5% carbohydrate. 


Note: CKD and TKD are the recent and most advanced types which has not been in use as compared to SKD and HPKD. Among these types, SKD is most researched and recommended to bring it in practice (Shilpa and Mohan, 2018).



  1. Supports weight loss by burning fats from diet and reserved in body.
  2. Improve insulin sensitivity by 75% (beneficial for prediabetes and metabolic syndrome).
  3. Improve acne and heart health.
  4. Reduce or slow down Alzheimer’s disease and risk of certain cancers.
  5. Increases brain function and keep it energized.
  6. Reduces seizures in people with epilepsy.
  7. Treat hormonal disorders- such as Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).



1. High blood pressure patients: Although Ketogenic diet is useful for these kind of patients; keto-diet along with medication could lower blood pressure to such extent you could faint too so, be careful with it.


2. Pregnancy: It is better for pregnant woman to avoid ketogenic diet as it may lead to Ketoacidosis in many cases. It causes metabolic changes and might effects on milk production too. 



Although Ketogenic diet have multiple health related benefits; long-term practice of this could cause severe health issues. So, it should be practiced for short period of time and then, its necessary to focus more on physical exercises to remain healthy.

Some of the health problems resulted from long-term practice of keto-diet includes:

  • Kidney stones.
  • Liver problems.
  • Excess protein in the blood.
  • Constipation 
  • Mineral and Vitamin deficiencies.
  • Low-blood sugar.
  • Headaches.
  • Nausea and vomiting.



1. Low-carb Veggies

Non starchy low carb vegetables are recommended to have in your keto-diet. This includes tomatoes, eggplant, asparagus, broccoli, cauli-flower, spinach, green beans, cucumber, bell peppers, kale, Zucchini and many more.


2. Avocados

Heart healthy monosaturated fats such as Avocados are considered as the best ketogenic food. Half of medium sized avocados typically contains 7 gm fiber and 9 gm of total carbohydrates. This species also helps to improve cholesterol and triglycerides level.



3. Plain Greek Yogurt and Cottage Cheese

Plain Greek yogurt and Cottage cheese are rich source of calcium and protein. Five ounces of Greek yogurt usually contains only 5 gm of carbohydrates and 12 gm of proteins. Similarly, 5 ounces of cottage cheese contains 5 gm of carbohydrate and 18 gm of protein. 


Calcium and protein present in yogurt and cheese reduces your appetite and promote fullness which helps you to relieve hunger for a longer time period. 


4. Nuts, Seeds and Healthy Oils

Nuts and seeds are rich source of poly-saturated and mono-saturated fats, fibers and proteins, and are also very low in carbs. Hence, this make perfect addition in keto-diet. Healthy oils such as coconut oil also increases ketone production and hence must be included in ketogenic diet.


Example of nuts, seeds and healthy oil includes olive oil, avocados oil, coconut oil, flaxseeds, chia seeds, Pumpkin seeds, Hemp hearts, coconuts, avocados, olives and many more.


5. Berries

Being low carbs and high fiber fruits; berries are great addition preferred by many health experts for keto-diet. These fruits are also rich in anti-oxidants which reduces inflammation and protect against diseases. 

Berries and their carb content:

  • Black berries: 3 gm net carbs (7 gm total carbs)
  • Blueberries: 9 gm net carbs (11 gm total carbs)
  • Raspberries: 3 gm net carbs (7 gm total carbs)
  • Strawberries: 3 gm net carbs (6 gm total carbs)  



  • Grains (Oatmeal, Flour, Wheat, Rye, Corn, Buck-wheat, Quinoa, Sorghum, Barley, Rice, etc.).
  • Starchy vegetables and high sugar fruits (under ground growing vegetables such as potatoes, sweet potatoes, peas, and fruits such as Oranges, Tangerines, Bananas, Apple, Pear, Grapes, Mangoes, Nectarines, Pineapples, etc.).
  • Sweetened yogurt.
  • Honey and syrup.
  • Processed meats.
  • Legumes (Black beans, chick peas, Baked beans, and so on).



  1. Shilpa, J., & Mohan, V. (2018). Ketogenic diets: Boon or bane?. The Indian journal of medical research148(3), 251.


How do you feel about the information incorporated within this article? Yours feedbacks are highly appreciated.

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We “Learn-Agro” team will be back with some more informative blog post, till then Happy reading!



Roaming around a house to get some fresh air, everyday we meet up with our uninvited guest(mosquitoes, bugs and other pests). Isn’t it insane? And see what it gives us in return? A head full of irritation with a package of health risk in bonus.

“These bugs and pest are attracted  to smell of carbon dioxide emitted from our breath and compounds emitted from our sweat, and hormone. “

Let’s learn some science behind insect repelling capacity of plants along with some information on best insect repellent species.



Using commercial chemicals could be the alternative but this creates more hazard to natural environment and  in human health. Though commercial insect repellents shows better result by destroying wide range of pest, it creates various health risks. Exposer to high dose of chemical repellents leads to health problems such as: skin blisters, seizures, memory loss, headaches, stiffness in joints and shortness of breath, skin irritation.



It is also linked with neurotoxicity and may lead to physiological and behavioral problems especially with motor skills, and learning and memory dysfunction.



Certain plants such as citronella, pyrethrum, etc. consist of various chemical compounds like linalool,  coumarin, estragole etc. that produces a strong odor unpleasant to many pest. It affects insects neuronal functioning which mask these pest from recognizing a sensitive smell releasing from the host they feed on.

Note: The reason how flies and mosquitoes find human is the warm smell coming from human sweat and carbon dioxide released from human breath. Their strong smell sensing capacity helps them to locate hosts. These insects are attracted to sweat, carbon-dioxide and hormonal smell.



To get you started, here are some plants with an ability to repel  insects and pests through the smell that arise from essential oil present in it, but serves good to human:


1. Lavender

This is an aromatic plant with great medicinal values and unbelievable benefits. It  relaxes our mind with its pleasant smell, and keeps away unwanted pest such as moths, fleas, flies, spiders. Its essential oil  contains a compound known as Linalool, which produces a strong odor pleasant to humans but detestable to mosquitoes as this compound overloads their sensitive olfactory organs.


This enhance the beauty of garden too with its bluish flower, colorful butterflies and bees around it. There are different varieties of lavender that grows according to the climatic conditions so preferred most by many gardeners.


2.  Marigold

Marigold is considered as the best alternatives for addressing a localized mosquito problem as it contains pyrethrum, a compound used in many repellents and sometimes referred to as “nature’s insecticide.” Pyrethrum along with thiophenes which works on collaboration to repel pest  like plant lice, mosquitoes, and even rabbits is off gassed from the plant during its regular biological processes.


This beautiful flower is of multiple use. Besides repelling insects preying on tomato plants and other vegetables; it can also be planted as ornamental border plants in vegetable garden.


3. Citronella grass

Citronella is also called as “Lemon grass”. Citronella oil is the natural oil obtained from leaves and stem of Cymbopogon species. This oil is most common ingredient for formulation of mosquito repellents along with its anti-fungal property.  Strong aroma from distinctive citronella usually prevents the invasion of mosquitoes.

This species is used in many forms such as scented candles, torches, and its oil is applicable to skin. Normally, citronella oil provides protection for about 2 hours but when combined with larger molecules like vanillin in appropriate concentration its protection time is prolonged with better effect.


4.  Ageratum

It is a low-lying ornamental plant also known as Floss-flower”. It secrets a compound known as Coumarin, which mosquitoes find particularly offensive and is widely used as mosquito repellent. Many experiment have reflected that the crude extract of Ageratum in combination with coconut oil repelled vector mosquito in an effective manner.


Its leaf can be crushed to increase order. Although the flower of this plants ranges in various colors such as pink, white and violet color; bloomy blue color ageratum is well recognized for its mesmerizing beauty and aesthetical decorative purpose.


5. Chrysanthemum

This is a beautiful decorative flower found in different colors. It consists of pyrethrin, a compound used as commercial insect repellent. This pyrethrin attacks the nervous system of all insects and inhibits female mosquitoes from biting. These species are far less toxic to mammals and birds than many synthetic insecticides. 

Although it can be used to make insecticidal spray, Pyrethrin can be carcinogenic to humans and should be handled with great care. High dose of pyrethrin may cause such as asthmatic breathing, sneezing, nausea, headaches, etc.


6.  Nasturtiums

Nasturtiums is a small neglected  herb around us with bright edible flowers. Besides this, they are also great pest managers for your garden. It release an airborne chemical that repels predacious insects, protecting not just the nasturtium but other plant vegetables such as tomatoes, cucumbers, kale, collards, broccoli, cabbage, radish etc.


It usually repels white flies, squash, bugs, aphids ,many beetles and cabbage loppers. Fortunately, nasturtiums do not repel all the important pollinators. Some of the species of these plants could even survive winter season at an altitude of 10,000 ft. and up.


7. Catnip

Catnip is a perennial herb from “mint family”. It is a strong natural mosquito repellent.  The report of American chemical society shows that catnip is 10 times more effective than DEET that is used in commercial pesticides, although the reason behind its effectiveness is unknown.

This plant attracts cat. On the other hand, its essential oil medium  prevent mosquitoes and other flies. Catnip also contains nepetalactone and thus is used as herbal sedative for insomnia and depression patients.


8. Petunia

A flower plant with  lovely purple hue is a great pest repellent species. It repels pests such as tomato horn worm, aphids, leafhoppers, squash, bugs and asparagus beetles that feeds on vegetables. In addition to this; it also adds a burst of color to the garden increasing the beauty of your landscapes.


Plant it in sunny areas near the vegetables and herbs like beans, tomatoes, peppers and basil to get rid of these pests. They are also found in many varieties and are easy to grow. It is used as a companion plant in vegetable garden to protect vegetables from unwanted bugs naturally.


9. Basil

Basil is also known as queen of aromatic herbs”.  This species produces relaxing smell to human brain and helps to repel pests . It release a compound called estragole that repels mosquitoes and other flies such as carrot flies, asparagus beetles , white flies etc. 


Basil is a tender plants used in cuisines worldwide. Besides its huge commercial value for its insect repellent property; it also have great medicinal values including ability to enhance flavor in certain vegetables or can be taken as salad.


10. Geranium

This attractive annual flowering plant also have insect repellent benefits. Geranium extract, also called geraniol, is a common active ingredient in natural and commercial insect repellent sprays. It repels a wide variety of insect such as mosquitoes, and common pest that can damage many fruits and vegetables including cabbage and tomatoes.


Plant it circularly around the field to get best protection from pest. Geranium is safe for humans and pets. Besides insect repellent; this species are also used for skin and wound healing and to treat insomnia (from sedative properties). 


11. Thyme

A spice ingredient perennial herb from mint family is an effective mosquito repellent. According to a laboratory study, burning thyme leaves can help to repel mosquitoes providing about 85% protection for up to 90 minutes. Crushed leaves also give strong scent which also repels insects.


Besides this, it contains chemical that help recover bacterial and fungal infections, and minor irritations. It also relieves smooth muscle spasms, such as coughing and have antioxidant effect.


12. Rosemary

It is a woody perennial herb native to Mediterranean region and has multiple uses along with insect repellent property. Its woody scent keep mosquitoes as well as cabbage moths and carrot flies away. It is used for culinary purpose and also to make body perfumes. It is the most popular aromatic and medicinal plant world wide.



  • Planting insect repellent plant gives  protection  to both humans and garden vegetables .
  • These plants could also be of great medicinal values with multiple health benefits; if selected carefully.
  • The aromas releasing from these plants gives relaxation to mind and body, and also enhance natural beauty.
  • Along with the up listed plants there are many other plants with such insect repellent property but these are the recommended ones with higher benefits.


(Preserving nature is every humans duty and responsibility, Don’t thrash it)


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